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Guatemala - Poverty in Guatemala (Inglês,Espanhol)

This poverty assessment report has three main objectives: 1) to conduct an in-depth, multi- dimensional analysis of poverty building on the framework of the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) for 2000/2001 using both quantitative and qualitative data; 2) to examine the impact of government policies and spending on the poor in key sectors; and 3) to use the empirical findings to identify options and priorities for poverty reduction in the future. Policy options are outlined not only in general, but for the specific themes and sectors covered. Chapter 2 examines the poverty "problem" using an array of monetary and social indicators, as well as perceptions of poverty identified by Guatemalan communities and households themselves. In general, poverty is determined by key household endowments and characteristics. These are analyzed in Chapter 3. Yet historical forces and contextual factors also play a crucial role in shaping patterns of poverty. These factors are discussed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 examines the relationship between poverty and economic growth in Guatemala from a "macro" perspective. Chapter 6 builds on this macro-economic context to further examine the livelihoods and earnings opportunities of the poor at the household level ("micro" perspective), with a focus on rural livelihoods. The poor also rely on a portfolio of assets in order to forge opportunity, including education (Chapter 7), health (Chapter 8), basic utility services (Chapter 9), land and financial assets (Chapter 6), and access to transport (Chapter 10). Generally, the poor suffer from an unequal distribution of these assets. Chapter 11 provides an operational assessment of vulnerability, while Chapter 12 reviews existing social protection and social risk management mechanisms to assess their adequacy and offer insights into ways in which to strengthen them. As discussed in Chapter 4, one of the key remaining challenges for the Peace Agenda is the modernization of the state and a strengthening of community and social participation. Chapter 13 also considers the role of other important actors in development, namely the private sector, NGOs, and religious organizations. Finally, Chapter 14 builds on the empirical findings in the rest of the report to build an agenda for poverty reduction in Guatemala. Broadly speaking, a concerted strategy should be adopted to reduce poverty by building opportunities and assets, reducing vulnerability, improving institutions and empowering communities.


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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Guatemala - Poverty in Guatemala

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    incidence of public spending;access to health facility;Demographic and Health Survey;living standard measurement;access to health service;access to basic service;access to health care;Quality Enhancement Review;public social safety net;monitoring poverty reduction;millennium development goal;Institutional Development and Capacity;access to public transportation;education and economic growth;basic utility service;source of income;source income;nature of poverty;transport and poverty;determinants of poverty;impact on poverty;informal sector worker;return to education;analysis of poverty;public social protection;qualitative data collection;economic growth rate;urban informal sector;high poverty rate;disparities in access;local public good;distribution of transfer;labor and education;rural informal sector;improvement in literacy;pattern of development;Country Assistance Strategies;Equity of Education;cellular telephone service;total government spending;declining growth rate;children with diarrhea;decline in poverty;effects of shocks;country assistance strategy;rural service provision;correlation between poverty;culture and education;loss of life;short time span;lack of development;quality of pipe;public safety net;number of workers;Rule of Law;quality of education;performance in education;participation in health;fight against poverty;affordable health services;exclusion of woman;inequality in earnings;Public Expenditure Management;public health care;social policy agenda;correlates of poverty;public sector action;composite governance indicators;provision of infrastructure;acute respiratory infection;value added tax;extreme poverty line;risk mitigation mechanism;private health care;Labor Market;rural area;health outcome;indigenous population;living condition;employment opportunities;vulnerable group;Civil War;contextual factor;social capital;employment opportunity;rural resident;Rural Poor;geographic location;natural disaster;demand-side factor;human capital;poverty agenda;political instability;development path;social indicator;lasting peace;poverty problem;wage discrimination;primary level;quantitative data;Disaster Management;rural village;household characteristic;children of ages;attending school;sectoral reform;road access;geographic isolation;Maternal Mortality;school feeding;social assistance;community level;privileged groups;high volatility;productive activity;Justice Systems;information gap;important policy;legal framework;public finance;illiteracy rate;social network;primary enrollment;ethnic exclusion;fund investment;active players;good governance;information sources;culturally sensitive;institutional mechanism;catastrophic consequence;promoting growth;community asset;monetary indicator;disadvantaged community;pregnant woman;low-skilled job;public revenue;Macroeconomic Stability;gender equity;job loss;public resource;coffee sector;demand-side interventions;water to community;land reform;household size;physical asset;fixed line;local condition;linguistic diversity;day laborer;Basic Sanitation;household welfare;community participation;negative correlation;market-oriented economy;cost-benefit analysis;weak asset;religious group;hiring practice;household spending;lost jobs;higher literacy;Learning and Innovation Credit;education activity;existing asset;social insurance;health indicator;forced labor;national poverty;school committee;land expropriation;academic community;resident representative;poverty situation;policy tool;public program;survey design;conceptual framework;vulnerability analysis;metropolitan region;field work;million people;innovative aspect;ppp terms;average consumption;total consumption;Population Growth;malnutrition rates;ethnic gaps;malnourished child;chronically poor;transient poor;ethnic group;international community;economic shock;unequal country;Rural Sector;measuring consumption;measuring income;Infant Mortality;measuring poverty;historical perspective;child labor;natural shock;seasonal migrant



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