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Indonesia - Toward universal access to clean cooking : Indonesia - Menuju akses universal memasak bersih tanpa polusi (Bahasa (Indonésio))

Indonesia's household cooking fuels have undergone a dramatic shift in recent years, owing primarily to the government's highly successful Kerosene-to- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Conversion Program; yet the impact in poorer rural areas has been limited. Switching to LPG, electricity, and other modern fuels would be the most effective way to achieve clean cooking solutions, but these fuels are expensive, requiring costly stoves and delivery infrastructure that are beyond reach for most rural households. By contrast, many types of biomass can be freely collected from the local environment or purchased for significantly less than other fuels. Thus, large-scale fuel switching in rural areas is unlikely to occur until rural economies become substantially more developed. This means that an estimated 40 percent of households will continue to rely on traditional biomass energy, especially fuel wood, to meet their daily cooking needs for years to come. This report is structured according to the directional organization of the study. Chapter two presents an overview of household cooking fuels in Indonesia, including policy changes and other factors that influence fuel choices. Chapter three examines an array of stove supply side issues, including market and production capacity, popular stove models, limitations of business models, key features of the supply chain, and attitudes toward new stoves. Chapter four identifies gaps in policies and institutional strengthening that future intervention programs will need to fill and reviews lessons from successful programs promoting clean cooking solutions that can be applied to those focused on clean biomass cooking. Finally, chapter five presents the recommended implementation strategy, including an innovative financing approach, and the next steps in helping Indonesia move toward universal access to clean cooking solutions by 2030.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Tjondroputro,Christina Aristanti, Tuntivate,Voravate, Wu,Yun, Zhang,Yabei

  • Data do documento

    2013/06/01

  • No. do relatório

    79279

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Indonésia,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2014/01/07

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Indonesia - Menuju akses universal memasak bersih tanpa polusi

  • Palavras-chave

    Access to Modern Energy, agricultural residues, air pollution, air pollution resulting, Alternative Energy, Alternative Energy Program, alternative energy sources, alternative fuels, animal dung, Approach, availability, average price, Bioenergy, Biogas, biogas systems, Biomass, biomass energy use, biomass fuels, biomass residue, biomass stove, Biomass Stoves, biomass use, burning stove, cement, certain extent, charcoal, clean fuels, combustion, commercial market, conceptual framework, Cooking, Cooking Fuels, daily cooking, Distribution Network, diversified energy, economic development, efficient stoves, efficient use of biomass, efficient use of biomass fuel, Electricity, emissions, emissions reduction, empirical evidence, end-user, Energy Conservation, energy consumption, energy demand, Energy Industry, energy services, energy source, energy sources, energy use, Energy Utilization, environmental, environmental concerns, feedstock, Fuel, fuel cost, fuel efficiency, fuel mix, fuel prices, fuel sources, fuel supply, Fuel Switching, fuel type, Fuel Use, Fuels, fuelwood, generation, heat, heating, household appliances, household energy, household environment, Household Fuel, household income, household sector, inventory, Kerosene, kerosene subsidies, kerosene use, labor costs, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, LPG, market development, Market Potential, market research, market supply, marketing, Mineral Resources, modern fuels, natural gas, Oil, Petroleum, Petroleum Gas, pollutants, Pollution, Price Cap, price fluctuations, price margin, price margins, price subsidy, primary energy, primary energy source, Producers, Production Costs, production patterns, production processes, purchasing, Renewable Energy, renewable resource, Retail, retail distribution network, retail price, retail prices, retailing, rural areas, Rural Energy, rural households, sale, sales, smoke, solid fuel, solid fuels, substitute, substitute fuel, substitution, Supplier, suppliers, Supply Chain, supply chains, Sustainable Energy, sustainable market, target market, traditional biomass, Traditional Stove, turnover, urban households, use of biomass energy, vehicles, Wholesaler, Wholesalers, winds, Wood, wood stoves

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