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Rwanda - Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and Food Security Project : environment assessment : Integrated pest management plan (Inglês)

The development objective of the Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and Food Security Project for Rwanda is to increase agricultural productivity, market access and food security in targeted project areas. Some of the negative impacts include: (i) informal cultural practices use in pests and disease management; (ii) the use of resistant varieties is the most reliable, affordable and sustainable pest management method in the country, in particular for diseases control; (iii) use of pesticide on other target crops will be very minimal depending on scouting of field damage will be reduced or avoided without any significant yield loss; (iv) pesticides are chemicals used to kill fungal or animal pests and improve productivity and control yieldloss; (v) in environmental risks, there is overwhelming evidence that some of the pesticides arepotentially hazardous to human health; Some of the mitigation measures are include: (i) store all pesticides in a lockable container or store that has sufficient space in which to captureany spills without contaminating the environment; (ii) stores should be set away from water sources, residential areas, as well as livestock and food storage areas; (iii) keep a register of all pesticides procured, recording when they were received, the amount used, the amount remaining in store, and their location; (iv) ensure that spills are cleaned up immediately using appropriate spill kits; spills should not be washed away into watercourses or drains; (v) establish buffer zones around watercourses, residential and built-up neighborhoods, as well as livestock and food storage areas; (vi) ensure that all equipment is in good condition and properly calibrated to apply the correct dosage; (vii) select pesticide application technologies and practices designed to minimize off-site movement or runoff (e.g., low-drift nozzles, using the largest droplet size and lowest pressure that are suitable for the product); (viii) insist that applications occur under suitable weather conditions; avoid wet weather and windy conditions. (ix) empty pesticide containers, foil seals and lids should be triple rinsed, and washings used in the pesticide tank should be sprayed back onto the field or disposed of as hazardous waste in a manner consistent with FAO guidelines and according to the manufacturer's directions; (x) containers should be stored safely and securely under cover prior to their safe disposal; they should not be used for other purposes.


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    Integrated pest management plan

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    National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan;Environmental and Social Impact;Food Security and Nutrition;efficient use of water;access to financial service;sustainable use of biodiversity;Environmental and Social Safeguard;decline in poverty rate;Micro and Small Enterprises;participation of local community;small and medium enterprise;management of water resource;economic and sector work;Integrated Pest Management;access to finance;water use efficiency;public health impact;loss of asset;gross domestic product;vulnerability to shock;Management of Pests;industry sector;access to asset;pest management plan;application of fertilizer;loss of income;public-private partnership;climate smart agriculture;business plan development;open water bodies;conservation of natural;land and water;underground water source;quality and quantity;majority of farmer;law and regulation;Environmental Management Plan;displacement of people;improved food security;Natural Resource Management;adverse environmental impact;physical cultural resources;safety of dam;quantity of water;capacity of farmer;food safety risk;public private partnership;increase in income;vegetable and fruit;market information system;social marketing campaign;standard operating procedure;infrastructure and facilities;local level institutions;credit farmer;water user association;increased agricultural productivity;water borne disease;farmer field school;availability of water;reduction of poverty;field visits;finance and economic;millennium development goal;geographic information system;exploitation of forests;evaluation of results;human resource capacity;human resource framework;demand for service;control of disease;synthetic chemical pesticide;small scale irrigation;body of water;water and sewerage;damage to natural;natural habitat;disease management;irish potato;safe use;farmer organization;market linkage;mitigation measure;consultation meeting;cultural practice;small-scale irrigation;water harvesting;market access;institutional framework;institutional strengthening;resistant variety;Environmental Assessment;technical component;nutrition improvement;involuntary resettlement;public consultation;protected area;agricultural production;storage facility;pest problem;agriculture sector;Vocational Training;business planning;local regulation;plant health;resettlement sites;chemical use;Natural Resources;extension service;Proposed Investment;land acquisition;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;implementing partner;household level;displaced person;physical environment;international waterway;environmental control;legal instrument;market orientation;market infrastructure;Fish Farming;arable land;processing equipment;pesticide application;harvest infrastructure;civil works;export market;farm level;surface water;environmental issue;national requirement;guarantee scheme;productivity gain;flood control;market outlet;financial product;business case;export promotion;buy back;warehouse receipt;adequate facility;food waste;crop production;participatory fashion;innovative solution;supply chain;engineering study;infrastructure needs;riparian state;water flow;food loss;moisture meters;maize grain;strategic reserve;aflatoxin level;promoting quality;food shortage;horticulture sector;business training;open sea;shelf life;nutrient content;skill development;income generation;Public-Private Dialogue;contractual arrangement;farmers group;river flow;price information;potential investor;individual entrepreneur;regional market;farming activity;Indigenous Peoples;social disturbance;crop varieties;hydrological cycle;pollutant discharge;crop variety;health effect;target species;natural environment;environmental analysis;study area;Environmental Policy;international agreement;project execution;development policy;animal species;corrective action;affected ecosystem;ecological characteristics;adversely impact;existence value;ecological function;promotion agency;native plant;biological community;land productivity



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