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Refrigerated containers (Inglês)

One of the objectives of the World Bank in its lending activities for development is to assist its borrower countries in enhancing and widening their export opportunities through reducing the costs of transport, improving the quality of the products and exploring new opportunities for export potential. In the past, many countries were unable to export many of their products simply because of the lack of an appropriate transport technology and system. The development of the refrigerated container and the refrigerated liquid bulk container have enabled countries to enter export markets that were totally closed to them ten years ago. Although the transport of deep frozen meats and other similar commodities was possible through the use of refrigerated vessels and has been available for some time, the concept of "chilled" transport systems opened up enormous opportunities. It is because of the potential of the refrigerated container for assisting countries to increase their limited export opportunities that this technical paper was prepared. It was considered that both the Bank's staff and those responsible for promoting exports in the borrowing countries should be aware of the technology and how it can work for their benefit. It is a technology which is continuing to develop.


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    Sinclair, Joseph

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    Refrigerated containers

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    Cost, Insurance and Freight;ports and waterways;fruit and vegetable;refrigerated containers;reefer container;supply of power;electronic control system;small island countries;volumetric flow rate;sea container;lack of demand;market in banana;mode of transport;quantity of water;electrical power system;cold storage facility;ambient air temperature;external heat exchanger;international standards organization;types of containers;increase in temperature;demand for meat;maintenance and repair;resistance to change;temperature control;liquid bulk;relative humidity;diesel generator;insulated container;transport cost;air flow;hot gas;perishable commodity;fruit juice;carbon dioxide;deep freeze;refrigeration units;liquid nitrogen;cargo space;solenoid valves;alarm system;ambient temperature;ambient condition;temperature range;primary product;freight container;trade route;air supply;cooking oil;gas level;air pressure;power supply;export market;export opportunities;export opportunity;data retrieval;Electric Power;perishable product;refrigerating machinery;agricultural production;air duct;continuous basis;foreign exchange;shipping line;inland transport;electrical source;stainless steel;air cooled;cooling fan;post harvest;cargo temperature;delivery method;air space;working pressure;minimum risk;transport chain;load line;injection system;technical innovation;potential users;container carrier;terminal operator;static pressure;fuel tank;external source;technological development;usable space;internal capacity;external power;construction material;cargo movement;general cargo;liquid cargo;heavy diesel;polyurethane foam;standard height;tank container;ship design;electrical supply;purchase price;export trade;air system;electrical system;palm oil;control laboratory;rural area;urban population;cereal product;weight loss;borrower country;frozen beef;compressed air;rural population;refrigeration equipment;export industry;transportation problem;chemical change;Transport Technologies;transport technology;Transport Systems;Research Support;controlled atmospheres;transport economics;container shipment;fruit precooling;physical deterioration;lending activities;cargo description;logistics requirement;transport logistic;voltage regulation;basic structure;power requirement;contaminated air;fresh air;refrigeration systems;container industry;data integrity;electrical cable;air circulation;International Trade;early detection;pressure switch;electric current;data communication;wiring diagram;freezing point;large ship;throttle valve;natural law;hot air;protective device;forklift truck;perishable food;fresh fish;traditional commodity;efficient transport;Borrowing Countries;industrial revolution;ventilation rate;mass market;container load;transportation sector;respiration rate;breathing rates;automatic control;temperature distribution;climatic condition;container design;homogeneous products;container operation;convenient access;working level;trade range;



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