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Land use considerations in urban environmental management (Inglês)

In rapidly growing developing country cities, distorted land markets and ineffective urban land management often have resulted in the degradation of environmentally fragile land; occupation of hazard-prone areas; loss of cultural resources, open space, and prime agricultural land; and excessive urban sprawl. To prevent further degradation, governments should exert some degree of control over urban land use and development, but not unnecessarily constrain the supply of land for housing or discourage the private sector from providing affordable housing in safe locations. An important challenge is to achieve a balance between urban development and environmental protection, taking into account linkages among land use, poverty, and the environment. Balancing environmental and economic objectives requires a land management strategy that facilitates the land market and protects sensitive land and cultural resources. Implementing such a strategy requires a mix of policies and locally appropriate instruments (regulatory, economic, property rights, acquisition, government provision of infrastructure, and information and education) to guide and motivate the behavior of actors causing land degradation problems and those responsible for managing urban land to avoid these problems.


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    Bernstein, Janis D.

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    Land use considerations in urban environmental management

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    urban land;convention on wetland;cultural resource;agricultural land;land market;urban sprawl;urban land use;third world city;access to formal credit;access to urban service;increase in land value;loan for home improvement;municipal solid waste service;land management;urban development;urban land management;urban land market;citywide environmental management;urban environmental problem;factor of production;destruction of wetland;capacity building component;alleviation of poverty;amount of land;third world countries;high density development;infrastructure and services;investment in housing;loss of property;land management strategies;supply of service;land use control;average annual death;Land Registration System;natural hazard;global land area;exclusive economic zone;Balance of Trade;water and sewerage;access to school;public health care;loss of life;flora and fauna;quality and quantity;decline in fishery;local land use;land use regulation;geographic information system;provision of information;Water Resource Management;improved land management;pollution control system;Natural Resource Management;demand for wood;environmental management strategy;waste disposal site;urban waste management;types of assessments;urban environmental assessment;land management policy;rapid urban growth;habitat for fish;demand for service;parcel of land;urban policy maker;land information system;land use policy;secure land tenure;property as collateral;land use decisions;land and housing;supply of land;conversion of land;impact on tourism;low-income population;inadequate infrastructure;steep slope;Environmental Planning;urbanized area;historic property;land resources;urban poor;urban population;private actor;urbanization process;inappropriate regulation;land conversion;environmental objective;flood;heavy rain;financial resource;environmental resource;Natural Resources;land development;environmental degradation;Environmental Resources;low-income group;coastal resource;coastal area;tenure security;government provision;metropolitan region;property right;Coral Reef;hazardous area;principal factor;management control;squatter settlement;commercial establishments;clear title;human waste;environmental condition;future use;natural ecosystem;effective partnerships;regulatory instrument;wildlife habitat;land price;squatter community;sandy soil;fragile land;secure tenure;natural disaster;economic instrument;inadequate maintenance;effective policies;protected area;chemical accident;management process;aesthetic quality;environmental risk;global network;Municipal Finance;land degradation;fish pond;infrastructure management;wetland system;mitigation measure;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;human welfare;alternative strategy;external support;land managers;approval process;coastal swamp;mangrove swamp;river system;fish production;sewage treatment;fringe area;drainage problem;hazardous condition;industrial pollution;flood damage;heavy industry;intensive agriculture;middle-income family;light industry;marginal land;housing authority;Urban Planning;earthquake damage;traditional authority;industrial accident;riparian habitat;bottom land;reclamation activities;irreversible loss;government intervention;hazardous chemical;slum dweller;Performance Standards;government control;marine water;green area;land speculation;heavily dependent;gene pool;shoreline stabilization;educational activities;local management;sensitive resource;local condition;administrative requirement;air temperature;wetland value;wetland flora;fish protein;wetland science;participatory planning;city planning;physical characteristic;wetland function;improved service;flood protection;regional network;urban expansion;coastal site;aquatic environment;tax measure;environmental implication;negative effect;important wetland;urban fringe;building code;historic preservation;genetic diversity;poverty alleviation;land restriction;land condition;enforcement measures;technical cooperation;historic building



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