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In search of land and housing in the new South Africa: the case of Ethembalethu (Inglês)

This study describes the saga of how one community, instead of squatting in an informal settlement or invading a new plot of land, attempted to buy land legally and build their own houses in a peri-urban area, using their own savings. The Ethembalethu story draws attention to the many challenges that poor people face accessing land and housing in South Africa. The purpose of this case study is to highlight the complex challenges that face poor communities that attempt to secure their constitutionally mandated rights to adequate housing. These challenges stem from inconsistent or inadequate policies and legislation, confusion between the myriad agencies involved, lack of clarity over responsibilities and accountability, lack of capacity of the implementing agencies, the rising costs and delays in accessing building materials, corruption, and the absence of information and training of both government officials and the housing hopefuls. Finally, the case highlights the Not-In-My-Back-Yard (NIMBY) ferocity with which wealthier citizens may still resist change in the new South Africa. This report draws practical lessons from the case study and makes suggestions for reforms. This report is organized as follows. It begins with a narrative of events, starting in 1996 and ending in 2006. It draws the key lessons emerging from this experience. It then investigates the main issues, and suggests reforms and improvements in the following areas: (i) improving access to land; (ii) simplifying and aligning legal procedures; (iii) designing a land and housing program for peri-urban areas; and (iv) reforming the land market. The report concludes with a call for further participatory action research.


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    África do Sul,

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    In search of land and housing in the new South Africa: the case of Ethembalethu

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    Poverty Reduction & Economic Management;reconstruction and development program;Municipalities;land and housing;operation and maintenance cost;right to adequate housing;models of land use;land use planning;environmental impact study;land use change;land development;access to land;source of employment;black south africans;capacity of community;land market;volume of traffic;loss of income;provincial development;participatory action research;economies of scale;ownership of land;Subdivision of land;environmental conservation;fear of crime;lack of land;public education campaign;project preparation grant;source of revenue;patterns of investment;solid waste removal;parent and children;Housing and Land;real estate price;source income;source of income;HIV and AIDS;cost of land;urban growth boundary;lack of incentive;provision of infrastructure;land development right;consumption of water;operations and maintenance;law and regulation;purchase price;housing development;land acquisition;informal settlement;low-income housing;sale agreement;low-income group;purchase agreement;low-income settlement;land availability;housing subsidy;constitutional guarantee;legal procedure;land reform;buffer zone;small-scale farming;municipal official;saving scheme;human settlement;living space;municipal property;spatial planning;low-income household;non-governmental organization;Capital Investments;transportation routes;private market;urban development;health facility;resource material;environmental requirement;financial mean;housing need;home owners;spatial patterns;high court;environmental regulation;remote area;poor community;unequal nature;high infrastructure;political channel;provincial minister;investment standard;Public Services;departmental official;subsidy limit;high capital;government contractor;low-income people;commercial land;black spot;written permission;informal labor;septic tank;vicious cycle;living condition;tenure insecurity;land price;land right;preparatory work;housing capital;management authority;housing patterns;urban setting;intended beneficiary;environmental degradation;speculative activity;black people;discriminatory application;farm size;transaction cost;commercial farming;agricultural activity;white person;individual household;land purchase;legal requirement;white farmer;environmental authority;environmental consultant;department official;rural focus;comprehensive agreement;secure tenure;agricultural history;rapid change;insufficient fund;land parcel;agricultural production;black family;access requirement;private-sector providers;community group;capacity constraint;monitoring activity;legal owner;establishment procedures;residential area;property value;intergovernmental relation;income increase;tax revenue;management development;metropolitan area;housing sites;legal basis;contractual right;commercial bank;spatial distribution;nimby syndrome;accumulated saving;high crime;construction work;zoning regulation;housing association;black community;tax incentive;social cost;township development;monthly installment;remote location;business support;housing standard;village communities;agricultural holdings;communal area;small parcel;rental accommodation;provincial policy;Land Ownership;exceptional circumstance;small holder;working place;Animal Husbandry;capital expenditure;black population;urban work;vacant land;residential development;residential purpose;resettlement program;asset accumulation;statutory instrument;undeveloped land;municipal resource;urban municipality;capital subsidy;urban school;annual budget;low-income area;Town Planning;apartheid era;payment arrears;agricultural land;low-income family;effective participation;infrastructure service;asset wealth;building material;rising cost;legal framework;real asset;middle-income family;



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