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A decade of the total sanitation campaign : rapid assessment of processes and outcomes : Main report (Inglês)

The Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) of the Government of India has been in operation for over a decade (1999 to date). This report analyses primary and secondary data on the TSC to arrive at an understanding of the processes, outputs and outcomes at a national level and across the states; this is compared with the inputs which have gone into the program. These indicators are then compared individually and in combination to benchmark the states, to understand the relative performance of the states. This benchmarking, based on a combination of eight indicators, is undertaken for both states and districts across the country. The purpose of this report is to synthesis the wealth of information available through secondary sources such as the TSC and Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) online monitoring systems and primary surveys of select districts at different points on the performance curve, to understand the processes by which the national TSC guidelines are implemented at state and district levels and how these contribute to the outcomes achieved. The analysis will focus on the successes and challenges faced in implementing the TSC and NGP, identify gaps and lessons learnt, and recommend programmatic approaches through which these can be addressed. The audience for this report includes policy-makers and implementers at national, state and district levels, and the broader sanitation and hygiene community.


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    Main report

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    water and sanitation program;rapid assessment;Ministry for Rural Development;global partnership for development;Information, Education and Communication;rural sanitation coverage;burden of disease;liquid waste management;adequate sanitation facility;sanitation and hygiene;criteria for selection;local government system;hygiene promotion session;performance of state;involvement of communities;local government body;return on investment;child mortality goal;universal primary education;children's education;skilled human resource;minimum consumption level;internal monitoring system;performance rating;total sanitation;open defecation;safe sanitation;fiscal incentive;individual household;budgetary allocation;technology choice;improved hygiene;quantitative analysis;secondary data;district performance;process indicator;positive correlation;monitoring data;monitoring progress;performance outcome;behaviour change;programme implementation;young girl;financial efficiency;conventional approach;literature review;extension worker;performance benchmarking;primary data;quantitative data;pour-flush toilets;safe management;purposive sampling;quantitative information;data indicator;sanitation access;compost pit;habit formation;coverage for sanitation;fixed point;state action;software application;preventable disease;Programmatic Approach;geographical spread;input indicator;monitoring plan;assessment framework;secondary sources;lessons learnt;community education;supply chain;long-term sustainability;participatory principle;extreme poverty;media campaign;software activities;local bodies;administrative function;institutional framework;Exchange Rates;consumer expenditure;qualitative indicator;relative performance;sanitation objectives;environmental sustainability;Maternal Health;Gender Equality;study period;rural population;healthy environment;financial allocation;baseline survey;monitoring indicator;investment horizon;project costing;financial investment;sanitation system;peer pressure;public good;septic tank;health outcome;sanitary service;sanitary arrangements;education enrolment;diarrheal disease;school sanitation;technology option;funding share;input cost;rural area;financial resource;policy priority;teenage women;institutional context;beneficiary household;application process;public domain;assessment finding;large-scale sanitation;



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