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Poverty and regional development in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Russo)

This paper is focused on the alleviation of regional concentrations of poverty. It focuses exclusively on only one of the motivations for regional development: alleviating regional concentrations of poverty. To this end, it will address three questions: is poverty geographically concentrated in the ECA region? To the extent that it is, should governments focus on addressing poverty in situ, or on encouraging out migration? To the extent that governments should focus on addressing poverty in situ, what are the most effective, and least costly, means of doing so? The paper gives in depth analysis on market failures, policy instruments, custom-tailored approaches, lesson's learned, and finally gives concluding remarks.


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    Dillinger, William

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  • País

    Europa e Ásia Central,

  • Região

    Europa e Ásia Central,

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  • Nome do documento

    Poverty and regional development in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • Palavras-chave

    correlation between poverty;concern of policy makers;regional per capita income;labor force participation rate;objective of poverty reduction;private sector development specialist;center for economic policy;coefficient of variation;rural poverty rate;household consumption;regional economic growth;poverty does;Local Economic Development;Regional Economic Development;barriers to migration;income of household;returns to capital;regional economic disparity;role of migration;economics of agglomeration;Oil and Gas;local economic growth;business support service;determinants of growth;welfare of individuals;provision of infrastructure;second world war;place of residence;place of work;high unemployment rate;capital market failures;domestic capital market;general secondary education;labor market failure;interest rate liberalization;knowledge and learning;risk of poverty;competitive exchange rate;high risk investment;measure of poverty;investments in education;impact on poverty;local tax base;secondary vocational education;cost housing;cost of housing;number of adults;labor market liberalization;labor force characteristic;adaptability of workers;formal sector employment;data on income;Research and Innovation;investments in power;per capita term;social assistance system;Social Safety Nets;national economic growth;increase in population;production of commodity;sparsely populated areas;social assistance payments;cost of living;Oil & Gas;income from remittance;urban job opportunity;private capital market;propensity to consume;housing policy reform;concentration of people;poverty reduction effort;direct government involvement;agglomeration economy;regional concentration;regional variation;lagging region;high wage;regional poverty;household size;rural location;geographical area;regional disparity;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;household expenditure;comparative advantage;economic geography;regional growth;large consumer;living condition;Social Protection;unemployed adult;consumer durable;geographic concentration;resident population;human capital;job opportunities;regional policy;wage earner;administrative region;skilled labor;unemployment benefit;rural region;driving time;industrial restructuring;poverty datum;classification system;industrial location;social cost;rural area;regional characteristic;household income;regional economy;geographical concentration;market economy;correlation coefficient;household composition;income support;transport cost;ready access;Business Regulation;Financial Sector;government effort;statistical relationship;moderate poverty;addressing poverty;public expenditure;national territory;sectoral ministries;explanatory power;market approach;Natural Resources;regional pattern;external demand;social objective;scale economy;state farm;open unemployment;private ownership;dependency ratio;Ethnic Minorities;territorial integrity;Legal Services;financial considerations;mass migration;employment generation;regional fund;international boundary;job market;governmental sector;consumer market;plant level;factor productivity;increase productivity;production cost;cost advantage;production technology;political capital;commercial capital;measuring poverty;substantial variation;small farm;tax payment;target resources;transfer payment;overseas investor;retained earnings;encouraging innovation;rent control;headcount poverty;research observer;economic equality;economic integration;poverty trap;regional data;keynesian model;aggregate demand;increasing investment;basic infrastructure;institutional environment;reducing import;local area;wage employment;housing price;product cycle;minimum wage;empirical evidence;industrial country;limited information;small country;urban economics;productive labor;marginal rate;explanatory factors;local consumer;national economy;large families;fiscal discipline;environmental aspect;skilled staff;poverty alleviation;working age;labor mobility;local entities;property right;regional strategy



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