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Educational attainment in Afghanistan : an economic analysis (Inglês)

Afghanistan's ability to enhance its human capital resources will determine the course of the nation's future economic, human and social development. Recognizing this, the Government of Afghanistan is committed to implementing policies aimed at getting children, particularly girls, into the education system. This paper aims to inform this process by investigating a variety of characteristics of children, such as their households, educational facilities, community factors, and spatial variables that are associated with education enrollment in urban and rural Afghanistan. This paper aims to investigate the factors underlying these low school enrollment figures and is structured as follows. Section one reviews previous research in this area. Section two provides a brief description the data and the methodology used in this analysis. In section three authors present the results which are then discussed in section four. In fact this study found that while the availability of appropriate schools is significantly correlated with primary and mid-school enrollment, they have a significant impact only on the enrollment of rural girls in high school. Right now, Afghanistan appears to be in a paradoxical situation: while education and better human capital needs to power economic growth, incomes need to expand to ease the constraints on education enrollment that are currently imposed by economic backwardness. To break out of this circle of constraints against enrollment, policy makers need to aggressively pursue policies that concentrate on easing the economic costs to households of children attending school, while enhancing the supply and quality of the facilities provided.


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    Auturupane, Harsha Gunatilake, Ramani Shojo, Mari Ebenezer, Roshini

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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Educational attainment in Afghanistan : an economic analysis

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    human capital needs;high school;marginal effect;enrollment of girl;female head;rural area;goodness of fit;enrollment rate of boy;goodness of fit tests;maternal and child health;per capita expenditure;logistic regression;rural girl;girls' education;individual weight;central regions;enrollment of boy;net enrolment rate;impact of conflict;children attending schools;standard deviation;school enrollment;children's education;years of schooling;longer birth intervals;household consumption expenditure;freedom of movement;female enrollment rate;Benefits of Education;education and gender;extremely poor household;correlates of poverty;availability of school;proportion of male;per capita consumption;primary school enrolment;source of funding;quality of teaching;characteristics of child;high pass rate;enrollment of child;senior secondary school;reduced form equation;linear probability model;proportion of female;secondary school enrollment;primary age child;costs to household;onset of puberty;primary school enrollment;econometric analysis;demand-side factor;economic prosperity;education facility;middle school;opportunity cost;explanatory variable;child labor;cultural factor;social pressure;test result;statistical significance;sample survey;fragile states;education enrollment;household income;household survey;household characteristic;survey instrument;community questionnaire;Civil War;negative effect;economic welfare;economic backwardness;cultural background;primary enrollment;positive impact;cultural practice;poverty status;gender parity;child's age;implementing policy;reasons given;explanatory power;household expenditure;significant factor;old children;education cycle;Armed Conflict;rural boys;working child;literate parent;parental input;parental education;collected information;high probability;Forced Migration;community level;secondary enrollment;econometric result;qualitative study;Higher Education;school wall;regional factors;high enrollment;education outcome;survey sample;educational development;international agency;education statistic;community family;qualitative method;survey data;Social Sciences;enrollment increase;age range;educated parent;demographic characteristic;sample design;estimation command;severe disability;school attendance;enrollment outcome;empirical literature;conceptual framework;political group;female teacher;supply side;fixed effect;family work;development partner;



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