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Rural transport : improving its contribution to growth and poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa (Inglês)

Poverty reduction is a long-standing development objective of many developing countries and their aid donors, including the World Bank. To achieve this goal, these countries and organizations have sought to improve smallholder agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as part of a broader rural development agenda aimed at providing a minimal basket of goods and services in rural areas to satisfy basic human needs. These goods and services include not only food, health care, and education, but also infrastructure. As a result, rural transport remains a constraint to increasing agricultural productivity, achieving rural growth, and thus alleviating rural poverty. The first major finding of the review of rural transport theory and practice is that many of the approaches needed to improve the impact of rural transport interventions on poverty reduction are known, particularly from the work of the Rural Travel and Transport Program (RTTP) of Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP). Unfortunately, many of the recommended approaches remain untested within Sub-Saharan Africa beyond the pilot scale, notwithstanding their influence on rural transport policy and project design in other operational regions of the Bank. For SSA, these are missed opportunities. Even where SSA countries have applied these approaches, institutional and financial sustainability and scaling up local successes remain significant challenges for both their agriculture and transport sectors. The second key finding is that rural households are rarely the point of focus in the design of rural transport interventions in SSA, even though a methodology to allow this focus has been developed and successfully tested in several pilot projects since the 1980s, the result is that the transport needs of rural households continue to be analyzed and understood by means of an indirect assessment of those needs, which means that most projects have a less than desirable impact on improving the rural access and mobility situation of such households.


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    Banjo,George A., Gordon,Henry F., Riverson,John D.

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    Rural transport : improving its contribution to growth and poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

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    Ethiopian Rural Travel and Transport Program;danish international development;Rural Roads and Transport Strategy;Rural Transport Policy and Strategy;intermediate means of transport;integrated rural accessibility planning;Rural Growth;monitoring and evaluation system;Land and Water Resources;national poverty reduction strategy;information and communication technology;cost of transport service;small and medium-scale enterprise;Small and Medium Scale Enterprise;public investment in infrastructure;project design and implementation;rural access constraint;basic human need;Agriculture;nature of poverty;islamic development bank;Rural Investment Climate;sustainable rural livelihood;integrated rural development;rural transport framework;natural resource endowment;rural road network;private sector activity;improving food security;basket of good;rural transport development;success and failure;transportation intervention;rural transport sector;International Finance Institution;decade for women;level of duty;operation of transport;productive labor force;effectiveness of investments;means of transportation;education and health;rural household income;rural transport improvement;cope with drought;international development partner;return to investment;poverty poverty;incidence of hiv;commitment to poverty;private safety net;poverty reduction target;public safety net;balance of payment;system of classification;rural labor market;skilled labor force;Rural Transport Planning;delivery of good;global economic crisis;country assistance strategy;rural road investment;rural access road;Strategy for Agriculture;rural development efforts;rural transport activity;gross domestic product;village access road;main urban areas;community-based rural development;Country Assistance Strategies;adaptable program loan;rural access problem;continuity and change;rural infrastructure portfolio;rural road policy;crop and livestock;impact of transport;classes of road;provision of road;main road network;social infrastructure development;benefit of decentralization;agricultural self-employment;Public Administration Reform;source income;source of income;account advance rate;types of asset;private service provider;private sector provider;rural service delivery;implications for transport;demand for food;road maintenance fund;Natural Resource Management;millennium development goal;infant mortality rate;international financial institution;poor road maintenance;investment in road;adoption of technology;agricultural productivity;wage work;rural area;local development;agricultural growth;rural strategy;agriculture sector;mobility need;agricultural production;operational framework;smallholder farmer;Support for Agriculture;human capital;rural transportation infrastructure;Population Growth;transportation need;multiple dimension;transport need;



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