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Reducing the risk of disasters and climate variability in the Pacific Islands : Republic of Kiribati country assessment (Inglês)

The World Bank policy note, 'not if, but when' shows the Pacific island countries to be among the world's most vulnerable to natural disasters. Since 1950, natural disasters have directly affected more than 3.4 million people and led to more than 1,700 reported deaths in the Pacific Islands Region (excluding Papua New Guinea). In the 1990s alone, reported natural disasters cost the Region US$2.8 billion (in real 2004 value). The traditional approach of 'wait and mitigate' is a far worse strategy than proactively managing risks. This Kiribati assessment begins by explaining the context of the country in relation to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption. It follows with sections on the key country findings and detailed country assessment that focus on some key components relevant to Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) achievement: adopting and mainstreaming policies, data and knowledge, risk and vulnerability assessments, monitoring and evaluation, awareness raising and capacity building, planning and budgetary processes, and coordination. From this assessment, possible opportunities for addressing the identified gaps and needs within the HFA are presented in the final section. Some potential opportunities for future support are proposed in annex A.


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    Pacific Islands,

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Reducing the risk of disasters and climate variability in the Pacific Islands : Republic of Kiribati country assessment

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    united nations framework convention on climate change;sea-level rise;Outer Islands;strategy for disaster reduction;natural hazard;global ocean observing system;impact of climate change;water quality and quantity;climate change adaptation;beach mining;awareness raising;information system management;access to technology;human resource capacity;coastal change;storm surge;central authority;Coral Reef;marine ecosystem;degradation of groundwater;source income;Coastal Zone Management;variability in precipitation;high population growth;Natural Resource Management;delivery of service;source of income;exclusive economic zone;extreme climatic event;national adaptation strategy;public awareness activity;informed policy choices;risk management approach;effective risk reduction;lack of knowledge;capacity for implementation;division of labor;enforcement of law;proper risk assessment;external financial assistance;local government policy;secure water supply;impact of policy;digital elevation model;geographic information system;high sea level;risk assessment procedures;climate change risk;satellite remote sensing;loss of land;sustainable water resource;exposure to risk;human resource issues;negative environmental impact;world war ii;improved water supply;development of information;air photo;personal communication;natural disaster;access fee;critical infrastructure;ecosystem degradation;Disaster Risk;ocean temperature;drought;building code;island countries;coastal structures;budgetary process;Natural Resources;short-term training;behavioral change;climate variability;long-term monitoring;freshwater resource;



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