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Towards a social protection strategy for the poor and vulnerable (Inglês)

The objective of this Note is also consistent with the objectives of the social protection floor initiative. The initiative consists of promoting a social protection floor as a core element of poverty reduction policies and pursuing wider development policies that enable countries to grow with equity. The social protection floor initiative corresponds to a set of basic social rights, services and facilities that the global citizen should enjoy. It can be seen as a core obligation in ensuring the realization of minimum essential levels of rights embodied in human right treaties. The social protection floor initiative promotes a holistic and coherent vision of national social protection systems as a key component of national development strategies. It seeks to support countries in identifying and closing crucial protection gaps through coherent and efficient measures that maximize the effects of scarce resources on the reduction of poverty and insecurity, to ensure 'guaranteed access' to essential services and social transfers. This Note reflects the outcome of a year-long consultation process intended to support the establishment of a social protection strategy for the poor and vulnerable. At the Cambodia Development Cooperation Forum (CDCF) in December 2008, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) and its development partners discussed the heightened need for a coherent social protection system in the face of the global food, fuel and financial crises and the effects of these shocks on Cambodia. This Note, and in particular the RGC National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) that is informed by it, should be seen as a living document that will evolve with time and changing socioeconomic conditions. The Note is structured as follows. Section 2 presents a profile of the poor and vulnerable in Cambodia, identifying main risks, shocks and sources of vulnerability, vulnerable groups and coping strategies. Section 3 reviews safety nets in Cambodia, distinguishing among informal arrangements and mutual support, public support and support from civil society, and identifying the gaps. Section 4 highlights policy challenges faced by public safety net programs targeting the poor in Cambodia. Section 5 concludes by outlining priorities for the near future in developing social protection programs for the poor and vulnerable.


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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Towards a social protection strategy for the poor and vulnerable

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    Social Protection;vulnerable group;social protection program;worst forms of child labor;cash transfer program;mother and child health;Demographic and Health Survey;investment need;Technical and Vocational Education;development partner;social protection interventions;food insecurity;social protection system;maternal and child health;consultation process;public works program;social protection strategy;social risk management framework;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;quality of service delivery;access to essential service;access to health care;access to quality education;Management of Natural Resources;natural disaster;quality of education;social welfare services;high dropout rate;food for work;school feeding;cash for work;quality health care;loss of asset;basic social service;public work approach;child in school;education and health;risk and vulnerability;sustainable financing;poor household;Maternal Mortality;safety net program;source income;social protection spending;quality public education;source of income;rapid population growth;child labor program;families with child;high poverty rate;primary health care;access to hospital;high school dropout;shortage of textbook;impact on poverty;poor rural household;global economic crisis;global economic slowdown;health care cost;remote rural area;distribution of workers;loss of employment;external economic shock;maternal mortality ratio;access to land;child labor issue;integration of education;risk of accident;high opportunity cost;labor market policy;per capita consumption;response to crisis;exposure to risk;food insecurity area;small land holding;public social protection;essential health services;expenditure health;maternal mortality rate;cost of treatment;sale of land;reduction of poverty;basic social right;Social Safety Nets;victims of violence;families of migrants;people with disability;social protection scheme;civil society representatives;vocational training curriculum;poverty reduction policy;public safety net;social protection framework;social welfare program;number of jobs;safety net instrument;cash transfer scheme;human capital;health shock;social health;coping strategy;informal arrangement;public support;seasonal unemployment;social transfer;small children;chronic illness;rural population;income insecurity;food distribution;food price;non-governmental organization;



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