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India - Land governance assessment : national synthesis report (Inglês)

As India continues to urbanize and move towards a less agricultural- and more industry-based economy, land demands will continue to grow. Its urban population is expected to increase by more than 200 million by 2030, requiring 4 to 8 million hectares of land for residential use alone. Demands for infrastructure and industry could add a similar amount, summing to total land demand of 5 to10 percent of the land area currently used for agriculture. If not handled well, such massive land use change may increase vulnerability and food insecurity, rent-seeking, environmental problems, social dislocation, inequality, and conflict. But it also provides an opportunity to address the underlying structural issues, propelling India into the league of middle-income countries and laying the ground for significantly advancing shared prosperity and reduced poverty. This synthesis report presents results from land governance self-assessments by six states: The fact that land is a state subject implies that actions to improve land governance need to be initiated at state level. To identify opportunities, six states implemented the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), a tool that allow comparing the status of their land governance against international good practice along a set of dimensions in a very participatory process. Results are summarized in state reports that were validated publicly and discussed with policy makers in each state. This national report complements these and draws out common areas.


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    India - Land governance assessment : national synthesis report

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    efficiency of resource use;efficiency of land use;large tracts of forest;Democratic Republic of Congo;Land Administration and Management;public land management;access to land;urban land use;rural land use;land records;demands for infrastructure;land use change;partial cost recovery;real estate price;public sector capacity;implications for policy;improved land use;land reform beneficiary;high risk situations;law and regulation;land use planning;privileges and immunity;internal management system;series of workshops;supply of service;international good practice;basis of knowledge;source of revenue;limited enforcement capacity;sustainable land use;amount of land;recommendations for action;transfer of land;public land disposal;ownership of land;equality of opportunity;implementation of law;supply of land;capacity of institutions;decentralization of responsibility;unequal power structure;allocating public resources;land information;common land;stamp duty;land transfer;land dispute;Land Ownership;management responsibility;land acquisition;institutional framework;land right;conflict management;participatory method;rural area;land market;reform effort;tax collection;transparent mechanism;land issue;agricultural land;land area;institutional environment;Contractual obligations;land data;productive use;financial market;private entity;institutional responsibilities;business model;entry barrier;institutional boundary;private party;land valuation;effective approach;formal court;reduced poverty;Town Planning;private parties;urban expansion;social dislocation;environmental problem;tax maps;food insecurity;land system;land demand;public provision;communal land;Land tenure;land access;land institutions;price signal;private interest;market force;forest dweller;reserve forest;local bodies;draft legislation;farm size;commercial purpose;subsidiary right;agricultural productivity;adverse incentive;binding constraint;land policies;raise awareness;original work;limited capacity;land lease;sole responsibility;rent control;land leasing;copyright owner;tenure security;national policy;south sudan;indian context;policy process;agricultural worker;disaster preparedness;social group;climate resilience;legal framework;technological innovation;address system;food demand;agricultural production;Job Creation;rental market;external condition;environmental value;political resistance;increase productivity;rapid change;monitor performance;Political Economy;colonial times;administrative function;subject area;colonial legacy;reform policy;tax revenue;private use;political sensitivity;women's empowerment;public share;governance monitoring;business environment;applicable law;data standard;productive land;women's right;informal settlement;legal provision;participatory planning;legal change;legal structure;sea change;concerned institution;sustainable way;reducing transaction;market imperfection;conflict risk;market functioning;fraudulent transaction;land grant;economic diversification;illegal transaction;direct negotiation;cultural value;private investor;social attitude;contractual provision;urban one;agricultural income;cadastral map;ownership right;state initiatives;central fund;state performance;tribal people;institutional change;ownership data;monitoring indicator;monitoring effort;governance assessment;forest block;governance challenge;local expert;public asset;private surveyor;urban population;administrative processes;local training;land policy;satellite imagery;individual level;state control;open access;permanent pasture;land conversion;result data;household survey;economic empowerment;administrative datum;outcome indicator;forest land;



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