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Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Guinea (Inglês)

This paper documents that structural change positively contributed to labor productivity growth in Guinea during 2006-15. However, the contribution of structural change to productivity growth was modest (about one percentage point per year on average), because labor moved from agriculture, the least productive sector, into other relatively low-productivity activities, such as wholesale and retail trade and community services. Although such services are more productive than agriculture, they are low-productivity activities because of the high level of informality. The paper also finds that the contribution of structural change to productivity growth has declined over time, mainly due to the increased labor market rigidity, lower competitive real exchange rate, declining human capital, and weaker government effectiveness. The paper provides a discussion of the policy implications of the findings.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Mijiyawa,Abdoul Ganiou, Conde,Lancine

  • Data do documento

    2020/07/29

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

  • No. do relatório

    WPS9341

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Guiné,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2020/07/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Guinea

  • Palavras-chave

    productivity growth; labor market rigidity; Labor market rigidities; real effective exchange rate; trade and investment; population with access to electricity; Agriculture; control of corruption; labor productivity growth; education and health; quality of public service; life expectancy at birth; small and medium enterprise; heavily indebted poor country; primary commodity; quality of governance; gross primary enrollment; government effectiveness; natural resource abundance; flow of labor; low productivity agriculture; change in employment; productive sector; merchandise export; human capital; misallocation of resources; natural resource endowment; lack of capital; foreign direct investment; international oil price; economic growth rate; access to finance; rigid labor market; determinants of growth; share of employment; nationally representative survey; information on gender; labor productivity level; economic growth performance; high productivity growth; increase in labor; human development outcome; retail trade sector; national poverty line; labor market reform; number of workers; exchange rate regime; barrier to entry; machinery and equipment; form of corruption; share of export; Access to Education; annual growth decline; foreign exchange allocation; provision of credit; Labor Market Flexibility; source of financing; labor market condition; quality of infrastructure; real exchange rate; skilled labor force; reduction of resources; primary education level; school enrollment rate; quality of policy; employment share; inflation rate; productivity gap; Real estate; empirical study; good governance; capital accumulation; tax rate; total employment; economic competitiveness; agriculture sector; empirical work; national account; binding constraint; primary product; empirical literature; health condition; agricultural productivity; Public Utilities; personal service; labor flow; political transition

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