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Colombia - Urbanization, internal migration and spatial policy (Inglês)

Colombia has experienced one of the highest rates of urban growth in Latin America. As a result, there has been widespread concern about the social and economic consequences of internal migration and urbanization. This report seeks to analyze in policy-relevant terms the recent patterns of internal migration and urbanization and to consider in that context current Colombian policies that have either explicit spatial orientation or significant implicit spatial implications. The current administration supports policies aimed at decentralizing economic and population growth away from the three largest cities. However, there is no available evidence supporting the conclusion that net social benefit of additional migration to the intermediate size cities is greater than to the larger cities. More studies appear necessary if decentralization policies are to be justified on economic grounds. Several issues concerning the effectiveness and the underlying rationale of Colombia's decentralization program have been raised. In addition, the government may find it difficult to alter spatial industrial development patterns to a large extent by affecting locational investment decisions.

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