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The urban transition in Sub-Saharan Africa: implications for economic growth and poverty reduction (Inglês)

This paper challenges several common myths that cloud discourse about urban development in Africa. It finds that urbanization in the region is not excessive or imbalanced relative to the experience of other regions. Internal migration, which is not the main source of urban growth, does not account for urban poverty. Migration appears favorable on balance for sending and receiving areas, and population mobility benefits rural and urban households as many retain a foothold in both areas to spread risks. Although Africa has been frequently described as featuring a disconnect between urbanization and economic growth, in reality most of the economic growth that has taken place in the past decade derives from mainly urban-based sectors (industry and services), and this is especially true of the better-performing economies. But cities have clearly not lived up to their productive potential because of widespread neglect and bad management. Urban poverty is not mainly a function of urban expansion, nor is it a sign of failure of the urban economies in Africa. There is evidence that much of the deprivation in cities, and the emerging urban public health problems, relate to institutional failures that perpetuate social exclusion and inequalities between the urban poor and the urban non-poor.

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    Kessides,C. Fallert

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    Outro estudo urbano

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    The urban transition in Sub-Saharan Africa: implications for economic growth and poverty reduction

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    Demographic and Health Survey;share of world trade;performance in service delivery;real per capita income;millennium development goal;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;health status of children;affordability of health care;access to land;local public service;land and housing;urban growth rate;cost of service;reduction in poverty;lack of competition;competitive private sector;rural poverty rate;form of deprivation;decline in poverty;safe waste disposal;high opportunity cost;circulation of goods;infrastructure and services;lack of sanitation;urban population growth;urban poverty incidence;municipal financial performance;world health organization;devolution of power;Rural Investment Climate;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;city government;standard of living;higher consumption levels;crime and violence;competitiveness of firms;intergovernmental fiscal framework;rapid population growth;household receiving remittance;children and youth;local public good;demand for service;good urban management;investment climate assessment;Migration and Remittances;fight against poverty;local government performance;per capita cost;export processing zone;rights of way;local public finance;rural area;urban policy;effective access;urban market;urban poor;urban economy;urban centre;human capital;Public Services;local revenue;urban resident;Urban Transit;urban child;small cities;urban development;poor sanitation;social exclusion;export promotion;rural resident;primate city;urban land;informal settlement;city economy;municipal government;increase productivity;transactions cost;household survey;international investor;public health;asian countries;urban agglomeration;market access;urban setting;labour supply;rapid urbanization;good governance;factor productivity;urban location;City Management;city administration;local corruption;welfare costs;business premise;freedom from;garbage collection;green space;municipal contract;Public Goods;middle class;municipal performance;adequate water;urban authority;external advisors;positive income;urban service;public control;monetary cost;economic shock;Transition economies;transition economy;infrastructure service;Public Transport;Cash Income;national authority;refugee camp;population concentration;secondary city;labour market;social order;residential community;financial governance;informal enterprise;agricultural output;cost-effective solution;administrative capacity;tenure security;rural settlement;government receipt;health issue;borrowing authority;urban slum;food insecurity;work participation;public sanitation;regulatory control;city state;rural hinterland;secure tenure;urban system;health centre;global trade;rural counterpart;mortality risk;populous country;Healthy cities;health outcome;urban health;Macroeconomic Policy;survey results;domestic support;efficient transport;interregional trade;urban dimension;local economy;domestic demand;agricultural product;export sector;expenditure plan;investment policy;intergovernmental transfer;market demand;productive potential;central revenue;Urban Infrastructure;city investment;local policy;government productivity;police force;income disparity;democratic process;farm activities;short distance;Disease Risk;government asset;Informal Economy;state spending;rural economy;capital funding;state revenue;capital stock;farm activity;competitive economy;rural population;dramatic change;agricultural productivity;rural income;inflection point;informal sector;civil society;urban employment;fostering productivity;Fiscal Sustainability;governance reform;participatory democracy;development partner;employment opportunity;export protection;democratic culture;Infant Mortality;research assistance;urban density;investment need;agricultural transformation;living condition;state control;management review;market economy;firm survey;employment opportunities;agricultural good;average distance;seasonal migration;natural growth;social inclusion;internal migration;insecure tenure;population mobility



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