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Africa Region - Agricultural Productivity Program for Southern Africa Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 5) : Malawi - Environmental and social impact assessment (Inglês)

The development objective of the Agricultural Productivity Program for Southern Africa (APPSA) Project for Malawi is to assist Ministry of Agriculture food security in assessing the potential impacts of APPSA with respect to the different World Bank safeguards policies and to update the existing safeguards instruments accordingly. Negative impacts includes: air, water, and noise pollution; loss of soil; soil erosion; loss of indigenous vegetation; solid waste; health and safety risks from chemical poisoning; and spread of diseases. Mitigation measures includes: 1) train farmers on appropriate application of selective inter cropping to enhance nitrogen fixation; 2) promote research activities aimed at generating climate resistant crop varieties; 3) proper use and disposal of chemical sprays; 4) pre-test thoroughly all new technologies for pests control to minimize disturbance on natural predators; 5) planting grass and trees on excavated bare land during the first rainy season after construction; 6) the contractor in coordination with research APPSA should make arrangements for proper disposal of all rubble and solid wastes from the site; 7) regular servicing of plant and vehicles; and spraying water to suppress dust on work areas; 8) using appropriate and well maintained noise mufflers on vehicles and machinery; 9) vegetation clearing should be limited only to areas required for construction; and 10) awareness discussions should be held with the employees and the contractor to limit land clearing to construction areas only and prohibit hunting.

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