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Agricultural production, pricing, and marketing structures in Ukraine (Inglês)

This report examines the impact of marketing and trade policies on production incentives in Ukrainian agriculture during 1994 and 1995. Seven agricultural activities with enormous export potential are considered (wheat, wheat flour, sunflower seed, sunflower oil, sugar beet, refined sugar, and pork), with the purpose of gaining insight into agricultural output performance, the effect of policies on farm income, and the consequences for farm restructuring. This study is also intended as a first step in establishing a system of periodic monitoring and surveillance of trade and market interventions and their effects on various indicators. Ukrainian agriculture consists of three types of producers: Collective Agricultural Enterprises (CAEs), household plot farms, and individual private farms. Access to input and the structure of marketing channels vary widely among the three types. Ideally, the Effective Rate of Protection (ERP), the Nominal Rate of Protection (NPR) and the Producer Subsidy Equivalent (PSE) would have been computed for each subsector, but this data was not available for all three types. In place of an ERP, NPR, or PSE, relevant indicators for those farms which are the principal producers of the products analyzed in this report were therefore computed.


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    Valdes, Alberto

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Agricultural production, pricing, and marketing structures in Ukraine

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    wheat;border price;Agriculture;private farms;household plot;world price;domestic price;credit subsidy;output price;market structure;State and Collective Farms;gross value of output;farmer;marketing channel;income transfer;distortions in resource allocation;high rates of inflation;price of fuel increase;sugar beet;protection indicator;effect of price;explicit export tax;cost of production;sunflower seed;transaction cost;net effect;market intervention;input market;relative price change;competitive market structure;crop area;terms of trade;amount of credit;average farm size;world market price;Transition economies;internal liberalization;income loss;agricultural production;negative value;agricultural output;transition economy;tariff equivalent;advance payment;agricultural sector;joint stock company;effect of inflation;general price level;privatization of state;dynamics of growth;means of exchange;private sector transactions;production of pork;cost of maintenance;income generation opportunities;annual inflation rate;annual interest rate;agricultural commodity market;long gestation period;amount of investment;higher value added;crop and livestock;role of state;income of farmers;port of entry;local currency value;economic sector work;freight on board;weights and measure;process of adjustment;noncompetitive market structures;multiple exchange rate;impact of intervention;profitability of production;nominal exchange rate;exchange rate misalignment;unit of output;price of fertilizer;lack of finance;cost of delay;market interest rate;banking system;high inflation;marketing interventions;production incentive;private market;input subsidy;input price;agricultural producer;production structure;sunflower oil;wheat flour;direct payment;Exchange Rates;barter transaction;government intervention;export quota;private trader;agricultural enterprise;market regulation;state agency;storage cost;state enterprises;barter arrangement;pork production;private farmer;public policy;input use;price policy;nominal rate;real value;urban agricultural policy;world economy;state procurement;net transfer;cropping pattern;base period;implicit tax;net impact;wheat production;average tax;contract system;grain production;personal communication;external liberalization;domestic currencies;state supplier;production cost;farm income;food chain;output market;imported inputs;trade restriction;opportunity cost;institutional framework;marketing margin;international market;taxation;



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