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Western Samoa : the experience of slow growth and resource imbalance (Inglês)

Western Samoa is a small island country in the South Pacific with a population of about 160,000 concentrated on two main islands. In company with some of the other Pacific Island economies it has experienced economic stagnation and inflationary pressures emanating from external price shocks and fiscal deficits. Some of the causes of slow growth are geographical: Western Samoa has a limited production base comprised of a few agricultural commodities - copra, coconut oil, cocoa and taro; a small domestic market; and large expanses of ocean separate the island economy from its major export outlets. Other impediments are social in nature. The purpose of this paper is to examine these constraints using anthropological perspective and to point towards their implications for future development.


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    Yusuf, Shahid Peters Jr., R. Kyle

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Western Samoa : the experience of slow growth and resource imbalance

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    cultural aspects of society;real interest rate on deposits;life expectancy at birth;balance of payment data;exemption from import duty;interest elasticity of savings;higher level of education;higher level of profit;balance of payment statistic;extended family;domestic saving;saving behavior;current account deficit;accumulation of wealth;domestic saving rate;gross domestic investment;customary land;coconut oil;adult male population;effects of education;post office saving;power generating facility;debt service ratio;allocation of land;economically active people;savings and investment;natural resource base;distribution of population;net factor income;foreign capital inflow;remittances from migrant;favorable immigration policies;production and export;high minimum wages;pattern of development;indirect tax rate;per capita income;progressive income tax;fruit and vegetable;international financial statistic;availability of capital;stabilization of price;allocation of labor;tract of land;domestic productive activities;income tax base;domestic labor market;social security system;export of goods;net private;human capital;agriculture sector;capital good;social obligation;productive asset;village communities;national saving;national account;communal land;land management;cocoa production;financial channel;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;institutional change;power structure;nuclear family;budget deficit;educational level;village economy;household saving;tree crop;manufacturing facility;private investment;social relation;economic stagnation;manufactured goods;technical manpower;social condition;investment rate;private consumption;social mores;labor service;foreign currency;material wealth;basic value;local market;Rural Sector;commercial bank;labor shortage;agriculture system;nest egg;young men;construction permit;foreign saving;farmer;government spending;extension service;modest increase;production technique;school construction;managerial deficiency;managerial right;female participation;farm management;net migration;rural area;demographic projection;bottom fish;farm labor;participation rate;plantation sector;price stabilization;credit restraint;money supply;fiscal austerity;chemical fertilizer;working population;push factor;medical facility;traditional village;industrial society;capital flow;social circle;living condition;social environment;local entrepreneur;processed food;essential skill;financial system;individual saving;community solidarity;extension activity;equal amount;savings pattern;scarcer resource;skill shortage;rural workforce;financial asset;ancient tradition;demonstration effect;social engineering;overseas bank;entrepreneurial initiative;income differential;tertiary schooling;manufacturing activities;managerial decision;young age;primary schooling;male worker;Population Growth;industrial sector;production statistics;trained manpower;fiscal incentive;production facility;timber production;manufactured products;industrial investment;volume sell;world price;social dynamic;social circumstances;farming technology;foreign transaction;cultivated land;communal management;government consumption;government sector;building permit;official statistic;worker remittance;external imbalance;Wage Bill;social order;fishing activity;agricultural output;production side;domestic demand;forest reserve;disease outbreak;male migration;export crop;oil mill;baby food;small holding;religious activities;overseas remittance;middle age;reciprocal obligation;religious ceremonies;religious institution;transaction flow;historical evidence;social pressure;daily income;narrow track;steep slope;input cost;hybrid variety;remote area;commercial orientation;land title;Land tenure;land holding;corporate holding;small family;farming activity;price system;agricultural commodity;production base;fiscal deficit;inflationary pressure;small island;economic anthropology;resource imbalance;research program;external price;tax change;price pressure;domestic supply



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