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Industry - university collaboration in developed and developing countries (Inglês)

Over the past three decades, developed countries have experimented with different ways of using scientific research and technological development to promote economic growth. One means is through establishing industry-university research collaborations. In recent years, the number and variety of linkage mechanisms in developed countries has grown rapidly. Developing countries are also increasingly involved in fostering collaborations. At present, there is no consensus regarding which mechanisms are effective and under what circumstances. This paper examines a variety of models in use and lessons learned through trial and error, first for developed countries, then for developing countries. Finally, it explores ways to gauge a country's readiness for collaboration.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Parker, Linda E.

  • Data do documento

    1992/09/30

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho (Série Numerada)

  • No. do relatório

    11374

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    Industry - university collaboration in developed and developing countries

  • Palavras-chave

    basic research;Science and Technology;higher education system;intellectual property rights;parcel of land;higher education development;national autonomous university;development of technology;national science board;human resource development;school of thought;process of innovation;gross national product;types of firms;engineering research center;relationship between university;science park development;access to university;approach to training;emigration of researchers;higher education institution;agricultural experiment station;vote of confidence;piece of legislation;role of university;academic research;extension service;research institute;government support;academic researcher;technological development;technological advancement;Science Parks;technology park;university researcher;research result;research facility;academic freedom;industrial extension;graduate program;fundamental research;revolving fund;collaborative arrangements;research training;research service;productive sector;technological innovation;university administrator;research university;reward structure;research productivity;scientific community;Research Support;commercial venture;professional development;physical science;educational process;university department;financial benefit;academic institution;government laboratory;private foundations;individual research;external support;financial problem;operational information;production process;legal reason;individual researchers;Continuing Education;societal change;building research;research output;release time;collaborative relationship;formal basis;faculty appointment;literate citizenry;land-grant college;technology adaptation;indigenous technology;existing technology;long-term commitment;technological capacity;direct oversight;basic science;Center Research;collaborative effort;state participation;international research;research base;colonial era;financial pressure;private industry;university authority;national university;incentive system;science capacity;primary focus;economic health;real benefits;state fund;matching fund;state official;operational level;driving force;academic science;research activity;research activities;industrial research;cultural climate;research collaboration;scientific culture;undergraduate teaching;degree program;domestic support;academic culture;reward system;western values;cultural influence;scientific networks;colonial powers;scientific training;african universities;scientific staff;scientific discipline;eligible state;incentive structure;graduate education;undergraduate education;regional model;regional characteristic;Research Organizations;governmental expenditure;vested interests;technology strategy;import technology;Brain Drain;technology innovation;collaborative approach;joint activities;government involvement;technological problem;research capacity;public education;tax incentive;african nations;bureaucratic requirement;program planning;industry partners;government planners;graduate degree;engineering field;private initiative;foreign source;linkage mechanism;advanced technology;strategic research;financial commitment;analytical method;individual company;medium-sized enterprise;infrastructure component;private investment;european cooperation;research environment;Contracting Out;short term consultant;Technology Transfer;institutional growth;intermediate technology;academic appointment;research agenda;public resource;job training;alternative mean;tax credit;geographic region;competitive equity;public appropriation;domestic competition;industrial clients;economic crisis;production line;industrial base;pilot plant;cultural norm;local industrial;foreign technology;

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