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Improving city competitiveness for economic development and job creation (Inglês)

This policy note presents an analysis of and recommendations on the city competitiveness improvement and is part of a broader Philippines urbanization study. The analysis draws on the competitive city framework which includes four pillars: 1. institutions and regulations; 2. infrastructure and land; 3. skills and innovation; 4. enterprise support and finance. It analyzes factors that constrain city competiveness, the role that city governments can play, and provides policy recommendations based on both the Filipino and international good practices in promoting city competitiveness. In addition, policy note studies the enabling environment at the national level to foster city competitiveness. Literature reviews, analysis of national level data and the results of firm level surveys and focus group meetings enrich the analysis. The policy note discusses 5 key challenges which affect economic development and job creation at the city level: 1) poor business environment; 2) weak infrastructure, land management and access to markets; 3) low demand for innovation and skill match; 4) access to finance and business support; and 5) inefficient economic planning, unclear mandate and weak governance. The analysis of these challenges is followed by a discussion of recommended priority actions. Despite a number of issues being addressed through reforms, more efforts are required at local and national level to improve the business environment, access to land and markets and upgrading of infrastructure, strengthening innovation systems and addressing skills mismatch, improving access to finance and business support services, and strengthening local institutions for economic development. Recommendations focus on areas which are most likely to offer quick results in terms of improving city competitiveness and where cities themselves have an important role to play as they are less dependent on national reforms. These include: 1. improving the business regulatory environment; 2. strengthening business support and innovation; 3. reforming institutions for economic development.


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    Note sobre Políticas

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Improving city competitiveness for economic development and job creation

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    protection of intellectual property right;Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise;research and development expenditure;improving access to finance;small and medium size enterprise;access to the internet;global innovation;Drivers of Economic Growth;Food and Drug Administration;limited access to finance;Business Registration;business permit;Job Creation;business environment;books of account;limited liability company;venture capital fund;global economic prospect;SME loan;land information system;middle income economy;cost of compliance;foreign direct investment;access to skill;local government tax;property transfer tax;competitiveness of city;focus group meeting;Registry of Deeds;health insurance companies;international good practice;business environment issues;firm level surveys;lack of resource;per capita income;local business tax;access to land;certificate of registration;availability of electricity;development of market;intellectual property rights;financial sector policy;Research and Innovation;form of collateral;Private Sector Growth;export transaction costs;skill development program;banking sector asset;preventive health care;Promoting Green Competitiveness;income tax holiday;health care information;total annual investment;lack of collateral;human capital;city competitiveness;firm productivity;product innovation;anecdotal evidence;construction permit;secondary city;productivity growth;social capital;tax rate;city government;technology absorption;pay taxes;property registration;market failure;technological frontier;Technology Transfer;university system;industrial land;tax regulation;public support;Business Regulation;large bank;city hall;business support;cooperative bank;long-term growth;competitive cities;internet connection;competitive city;red tape;business process;knowledge process;research institute;minimum capital;call center;transit network;digital dividend;grant program;urbanization;public financing;global network;banking industry;research outcome;bankruptcy process;risk capital;seed fund;bankruptcy case;legal reform;bankruptcy administration;survey results;tax break;tax privileges;skill mismatch;specific issue;skill shortage;transparent accounting;internal market;shipping cost;ecosystem base;support system;telecom sector;logistics performance;oligopolistic structure;factor supply;knowledge creation;credit operation;economic zone;SME financing;limited capacity;medical transcription;online questionnaire;academic institution;rural enterprise;social return;financial system;Innovation Policies;innovation policy;basic science;SME lending;financing option;private investor;threshold effects;knowledge spillover;potential borrower;skill requirement;Technology Diffusion;empirical literature;Credit History;telecommunications infrastructure;digital mapping;bankruptcy framework;innovation strategy;Labor Market;educational system;creative process;high capital;government support;loan volume;engineering design;fiscal incentive;tax deduction;engineering service;business community;governmental agency;Indicator Baseline;SME policy;national reform;unincorporated business;government service;total employment;bus corridor;local good;mass transit;sole proprietorship;registration process;city planner;regulatory department;data standard;digital infrastructure;bilateral trade;trade costs;trade partner;urban transport;regulatory environment;fair competition;market investment;land management;national industry;literature review;enabling environment;working age;registration fee;national policy;clearing customs;average cost;product registration;export costs;construction process;national rules;application process;financial inclusion;tax inspector;Business Clusters;medium firms;Land Ownership;telecommunications sector;Stunted Growth;formal sector;credit gap;digital technology;small cities;retail firms;long-run growth;firm growth;inclusive cities;competition issue;Public Transport;stamp tax;print shop;rush hour;commute time;mutual fund;regional district



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