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Empowering women : evidence from a field experiment in Afghanistan (Inglês)

In societies with widespread gender discrimination, development programs that encourage female participation in local governance can potentially redress gender imbalances in economic, political, and social outcomes. Using a randomized field experiment encompassing 500 Afghan villages, this study finds that a development program which incorporates mandated female participation increases female mobility and involvement in income generation, but does not change female roles in family decision-making or attitudes toward the general role of women in society.


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    Beath,Andrew, Christia,Fotini, Enikolopov,Ruben

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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    Sul da Ásia,

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  • Nome do documento

    Empowering women : evidence from a field experiment in Afghanistan

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    gender division;individual heterogeneity;equal terms with man;Massachusetts Institute of Technology;access to medical service;male head of household;economic opportunities for woman;female participation;income generating activity;women in society;promoting gender equality;position of women;baseline survey;role in society;discrimination against woman;number of women;participation of woman;road and bridges;age of eighteen year;number of violations;attitude towards woman;economics of gender;gender and development;cooperation and assistance;human capital development;share of woman;drinking water facility;degree of agency;Access to Electricity;rehabilitation of infrastructure;attitudes toward women;reduction in poverty;care of child;participation in politics;barrier to entry;community development program;movement of women;attitude of women;difference in outcomes;empowerment of woman;standard deviation equal;human development index;provision of good;follow up survey;culture and society;Access to Education;project selection;female respondent;village cluster;broader society;political participation;social activities;political activities;focus group;demonstration effect;literacy course;village council;community level;gender quota;village development;economic welfare;Land Ownership;block grant;cultural norm;average age;household questionnaire;community affair;field experiment;female socialization;standard error;financial decision;qualitative study;program evaluation;female empowerment;village woman;community participation;individual level;universal suffrage;village communities;statistical significance;legislative action;male relative;fixed effect;religious school;attending school;rural afghan;social attitude;gender segregation;policy preference;individual response;panel data;survey instrument;professional woman;public good;rural district;alternative measure;ethnic group;village life;family affair;public view;market place;female child;older woman;unmarried man;civil conflict;elderly care;social indicator;public sphere;female doctor;irrigation canal;social interaction;income effect;material resource;physical violence;cultural tradition;restricted access;rural area;equal right;constitutional guarantee;family obligation;educated woman;rural population;special provision;empirical evidence;anecdotal evidence;policy outcome;financial resource;natural experiment;local leadership;Public Goods;delivering services;community life;production activity;representative institutions;gender balance;electoral rules;open access;evaluation study;adult population;village meeting;social outcome;gender imbalance;extreme conditions;survey design;income generation;financially support;gender discrimination;dramatic change;empirical analysis;human subjects;basic security;development policy;consultation meeting;indicator variable;local council;business training;weighted average;district authority;treatment group;equal participation;gender relation;local elite;treatment effect;substitution effect;long-term effect;young men;household level;cultural context;security concern;muslim woman;social change;foreign donor;family value;societal attitudes;gender inequalities;Gender Inequality;cultural practice;survey data;household decision;gender stereotype;selection procedures;islamic countries;political leadership;simulation approach;oil production;variable list;industrial sector;changing attitude;geographic variable;community activity;belief system;marriage partner;



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