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Mozambique - Country forest note (Inglês)

Mozambique has 32 million hectares of natural forests, covering 40 percent of its area. The predominant forest ecosystem is the miombo, covering approximately two thirds of the total forest area. Other forest ecosystem types include internationally recognized biodiversity hotspots such as the coastal forests in the south, afro-montane forests in central Mozambique, and coastal dry forests in the north; and the second-largest area of mangrove in Africa. Forests provide significant ecosystem services of both local and global value, particularly climate and water regulation, carbon sequestration and storage, watershed protection, reduction of soil erosion, as well as habitat to globally important species. The total above- and below-ground carbon stock in Mozambique is estimated at more than 5.2 billion tCO2, Forests are the habitat for biodiversity, including endemic species such as the Gorongosa Pygmy Chameleon and the Vincent’s Bush Squirrel. Although Mozambique’s forests have tremendous value and unrealized potential, they are being rapidly depleted. The country lost around 267,000 ha of forests every year from 2003 to 2013, representing a historical deforestation rate of 0.79 percent. This led to around 46 million tons of CO2 being emitted every year into the atmosphere, accounting for 69 percent of Mozambique’s overall GHG emissions. Forest degradation caused by illegal logging of valuable species led loss of revenues to the Government from the sector. Forest loss diminishes biodiversity as well as the country’s potential for nature-based tourism. The GoM is showing unprecedented levels of commitment to addressing long-standing issues in the sector through policy reform and investments on the ground. This is a window of opportunity for addressing long-standing issues in Mozambique’s forest sector. The Bank is actively responding to this opportunity by assisting the GoM to access Bank financing and to mobilize resources from other development partners, and by providing capacity building and technical assistance, convening a wide range of stakeholders and conducting analytical work that contributes to sound decision making about forest sector policies and management practices. Further resource mobilization is needed not only to scale up current efforts, replicate them up in other landscapes, but also to expand the effort to mainstream forest issues into other sectoral investments, particularly agriculture and energy.


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    Mozambique - Country forest note

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    environment and natural resources management; united nations framework convention on climate change; land use planning; small and medium enterprise; water quality and quantity; financing need; greenhouse gas emission reduction; resilience to climate risk; Land Administration and Management; resource for poverty reduction; agriculture and livestock; participation of local community; sustainable natural resource management; Southern and Eastern; climate change mitigation; forest sector; forest law enforcement; natural forest management; sustainable resource management; rural area; national forest policy; Natural Resource Wealth; community land delimitation; agriculture and forestry; forest sector policy; balance of rights; land use right; long-term capacity building; protection community; habitat for wildlife; rural development strategy; household energy need; loss of biodiversity; area biodiversity; annual emission reduction; global biodiversity hotspots; management and administration; cash crop production; Agricultural Value Chain; energy development policy; national forest inventory; source of income; carbon emission reduction; loss of revenue; total carbon dioxide; natural forest resources; sustainable forest management; source income; participation of communities; total energy consumption; development of tourism; local land use; Finance for Development; recognition of rights; source of financing; informal land market; civil society work; level of compliance; demand for timber; natural forest products; formal sector business; distribution of land; availability of land; energy engineering; civil society group; efficiency of operations; forest management standard; natural resource use; chain of custody; private sector management; access to finance; implementation of law; rights to land; jobs and wealth; law enforcement agencies; social and environmental; natural resource sector; vote of confidence; inclusion of women; renewable natural resource; hectare per year; sustainable development agenda; source of employment; forest concession; landscape approach; illegal logging; forest ecosystem; wood product; land right; Landscape Management; timber value; coastal forest; forest degradation; dry forest



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