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Bangladesh - Promoting the rural non-farm sector in Bangladesh : Summary report (Inglês)

The major constraints to RNF growth, according to a large survey of rural entrepreneurs,' include (1) flood and natural disasters; (2) access to electricity; (3) road conditions, (4) access to finance and (5) transportation to markets. Bangladesh's vulnerability to frequent floods and other natural disasters severely hampers operations of more than a third of rural firms. The next most important constraint to RNF growth is the lack of access to electricity, which is available to only 19 percent of rural households (as compared to 31 percent of all households). Third, Bangladesh ranks quite high in terms of road density; however - because of poor construction of roads and bridges, lack of maintenance of roads and waterways, lack of integration of different modes of transportation due to inefficiencies at the container port and in the rail system - road conditions and transportation to markets are reported to be severe problems by 36 and 18 percent of rural firms, respectively. In addition, inadequate access to investment finance and t o working capital disproportionately affects small and medium-sized firms(the "missing middles"). The lack of access to telecommunications adversely affects the start up, growth, and performance of the micro small and medium sized (MSM) firms. As most of the constraints impeding RNF growth relate to the provision of public goods and services, and to macroeconomic and trade policies, the government has a critical role in removing these constraints. Actual actions to remove these constraints have lagged significantly because of the country's lack of: (1) an institutional mechanism to mainstream RNF issues into rural development; and (2) a decentralized local government structure capable of ensuring the efficient delivery of services to rural entrepreneurs. To unleash the growth potential of the RNF sector and create a pro-poor virtuous circle of rural growth, Bangladesh will need to implement the two-pronged strategy of (1) maintaining an enabling rural investment climate, and (2) ensuring an institutional set-up for the efficient delivery of services.


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    Outro Estudo Rural

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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Summary report

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    rural area;access to finance;Agriculture;labor productivity;small cities;Rural Investment Climate;household access to electricity;roads and highway;access to rural finance;high value agricultural product;demand for transport service;road condition;rural town;Rural Growth;rural labor market;medium sized firms;mode of transportation;export of goods;mitigating natural disasters;rural labor force;import of goods;general government consumption;current account balance;access to telecommunication;food processing;import price index;distribution of household;efficient transportation system;balanced regional development;Trade and Transport;degree of heterogeneity;marginal benefit incidence;constraints to participation;vegetable and fruit;service delivery mechanism;Poverty & Inequality;total debt service;improved water source;export price index;trade and transportation;financial sector reform;balance of payment;terms of trade;rural road infrastructure;per capita income;rural poverty decline;rate of growth;access to investment;high population density;demand for land;road and bridges;rural financial system;horticulture and livestock;per capita consumption;removal of tax;physical capital investment;private service provider;agricultural wage labor;incidence of poverty;impact on poverty;private sector enterprise;transmission and distribution;local government institution;agricultural supply chain;public sector utility;poor financial management;secondary road network;foreign direct investment;daily wage work;maintenance of road;population growth rate;access to infrastructure;total labor force;food for work;vehicles per day;rural household income;rural road maintenance;public utility companies;main urban center;rural economy;rural income;container port;metropolitan city;rural entrepreneur;productivity growth;financial infrastructure;firm size;regression analysis;Public Services;employment growth;urban population;institutional mechanism;road density;rail system;rural population;power outage;Manufacturing;wage laborer;government regulation;import tariff;Local Govemment;high probability;agricultural income;rural productivity;extreme poverty;regional imbalances;urban market;horticulture crop;electricity access;important component;cereal crop;private consumption;livestock product;extension service;trust system;human capital;present value;resource flow;transportation link;life expectancy;safety assurance;Public Spending;urban service;promoting growth;rural employment;metropolitan area;physical infrastructure;garment industry;enterprise operation;severe problems;river crossing;



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