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Waste in Russia : Garbage or Valuable Resource (Inglês)

This paper, waste in Russia: trash or valuable resource, illustrates various scenarios for sector treatments of municipal solid waste. Russia annually produces 55-60 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) with an average production of 400kg of waste per person per year. It is noted that levels of education in urban and urban areas are different and this factor plays an important role in the quantity of waste in the different areas. The growth of waste is inextricably linked with an increase in the welfare of society, i. e., there is a correlation between the dynamics of GDP per capita and specific waste generation. This can lead to serious environmental consequences. More than 90 percent of Russian debris is sent to landfills and illegal dumps, and the amount of accumulated waste is growing. Owing to the deterioration of the infrastructure for the collection and disposal of MSW much waste today are buried in open landfills and landfills are not equipped with the means for special protection of soil, water and surrounding areas from pollution. In addition the MSW pollute the atmosphere, the surface layers of soil, groundwater and soil and has a negative impact on flora and fauna, impair the quality of life of the population of nearby territories. Government and the society at large are united in the opinion that the scope of the waste management system requires reforms aimed at reducing the negative environmental impacts and at improving the efficiency of resource use. Environmentally oriented goals for economic growth, preservation of favorable environment, biodiversity and natural resources are stated priorities in the Principles of State policy for environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Korobova,Nina, Larionov,Alexander, Michelsen,James D., Pulyayev,Mikhail, Ivanovskyy,Stanislav, Turilova,Kristina, Kuznetsova,Maria

  • Data do documento

    2019/01/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    89177

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Federação Russa,

  • Região

    Europa e Ásia Central,

  • Data de divulgação

    2019/04/30

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Waste in Russia : Garbage or Valuable Resource?

  • Palavras-chave

    Solid Waste Management; waste management system; data collection and analysis; regional waste management system; iron and steel industry; climate change action plan; municipal solid waste system; waste disposal site; extended producer responsibility; industrial solid waste; waste management strategy; level of waste; cost benefit analysis; gross domestic product; local government authority; distribution of responsibility; waste management infrastructure; lack of knowledge; delivery of service; disposal of waste; adverse environmental impact; lack of transparency; source of funding; quality of information; gross national income; lack of interest; industrial waste disposal; municipal waste disposal; property of ifc; accumulation of waste; generation of waste; per capita term; increase in consumption; storage of waste; waste management problem; preservation of biodiversity; social and environmental; landfill gas emission; waste collection equipment; waste generation; federal law; raw material; negative effect; Programmatic Approach; waste recycling; sanitary requirement; Public-Private Partnership; organic waste; living standard; private company; environmental consequence; garbage collection; Fixed Assets; food waste; insufficient funding; local condition; packaging waste; mixed waste; sanitary landfill; record keeping; incineration plant; environmental harm; waste stream; market participant; legislative initiative; Resource Efficiency; waste components; large landfills; environmental stress; budget source; Natural Resources; market structure; recycling technologies; financial efficiency; correlation analysis; cluster analysis; regional characteristic; surface water; policy regard; national economy; waste volume; organic fertilizer; waste program; legal requirement; recoverable resource; adversely impact; glass container; construction industry; residential area; consumption pattern; nonfood item; material recycling; small cities; process system; average productivity; statistical information; representative sample; organic material; field study; improper disposal; potential investor; financial instrument; administration system; Capital Investments; communication sector; waste type; investment program; governmental agency; payment system; recycling facility; pricing policy; pricing model; environmental monitoring; stated objective; energy resource; budgetary fund; coal industry; administrative level; efficient management; additional expense; financial compensation; government relation; waste source; utility company; economic sector; accelerated depreciation; distorted incentive; urban economy; private investment; governmental authority; sustainable management; effective service; funding mechanism; utility service; disposal facility; utility function; public good; financial participation; healthy environment; residential service; recycling fee; landfill disposal; recycled materials; open market; intermediate position; industrial sector; Environmental Safety; commercial purpose; economic efficiency; waste processing; waste reduction; potential demand; seasonal factor; local factors; national legislators; environmental regulation; evolutionary development; statistical agency; operational risk; Public Utilities; social significance; legal framework; procedural framework; municipal program; price pressure; reporting form; housing sector; garbage truck; data gathering; effective monitoring; government waste; environmental pollution; dump site; real cost; competitive bidding; residential sector; land resource; land resources; management companies; municipal enterprise; waste transport; hazardous substance; administrative body; business entity; inadequate service; financial capability; material account; budgetary policy; cement industry; systemic reform; severely limits; guiding principles; production process; private capital; rural area

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