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Madagascar - Land and property rights review : Madagascar - Revue du secteur foncier et des droits de propriété (Francês)

There are four broad reasons why land matters for development. First, land has often been a source of conflict- successfully preventing such conflicts is one of the most worthwhile investments in development that many countries can make. Second, land matters for economic growth- the security and tradability of property rights in land profoundly influences investment behavior and access to credit. Third, land is important for poverty reduction- security of tenure and access to land for the urban, rural poor and marginalized groups is often a key asset which sustains their livelihoods. Fourth, land is one of the most important natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa- promoting sound stewardship by the elimination of open access and providing basic services to those living on the land (e.g. water, sanitation, garbage disposal) has substantial environmental benefits. The overall assessment of this report is that the government's program is moving in the right direction. Therefore, this report is intended to contribute to this process by assessing the on-going reform process in the light of international experience and making suggestions for the completion of the reform process and its cost-effective implementation in a transparent and sustainable manner. This review attempts to be a timely input into the legal and policy reform agenda and the implementation process on which the Government has embarked. . The report investigates some of the major land-related issues under the following headings: (i) overview of land tenure and land markets; (ii) the current property rights regimes (statutory and customary); (iii) the economic benefits of the current land titling system; (iv) open access and natural resources; (v) private sector issues; (vi) reforms underway and outstanding; and (vii) the piloting and implementation strategy. The main recommendations of the report are summarized in matrix form in annex one.


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    Madagascar - Revue du secteur foncier et des droits de propriété

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    access to land, accountability, Agricultural land, agricultural production, agricultural productivity, agriculture, autonomy, banking system, banks, cities, climate, common property, common property regime, common property regimes, commons, communes, compensation, cooperative banking, cultivated land, cultivation, current costs, decentralization, environments, ethnic groups, farmland, financial institutions, financial management, Fisheries, forest, forests, Growth Poles, improved land, Information dissemination, Institutional Development, irrigated land, irrigation, land acquisition, land administration, land expropriation, land grabbing, land leveling, land market, land markets, land owners, land ownership, land records, land registration, Land rental, land rights, land sales, land tenure, Land Titles, land titling, land transactions, land use, land use regulations, land values, landlessness, landowners, lands, laws, leaseholds, legal framework, legal protection, legal provisions, legislation, local government, local government finance, local governments, mediation, migration, Natural resource, natural resources, open access, operating costs, ownership patterns, partnership, pasture, pastures, private property, private property rights, property right, Property Rights, property rights regime, property rights regimes, residential land, rural areas, rural communities, Rural Development, rural population, safety nets, Share cropping, sharecropping, state intervention, taxation, towns, transaction costs, urban areas, urban development, wetlands



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