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Mainstreaming Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production in South Asia (Inglês)

The available evidence for South Asia suggests that several key manufacturing sectors currently operate at low resource efficiency levels. Studies in the region have shown that firms in resource intensive and polluting sectors, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs), tend to use materials, energy and water inefficiently. The resource efficient and cleaner production (RECP) agenda is part of international efforts to make industrial production more sustainable. The idea is to prevent the generation of waste and emissions in industry rather than trying to recycle, recover and treat waste and pollutants once created or already discharged into the environment. RECP can be a triple-win for the economy, the environment and society. The implementation of RECP can be hampered by various obstacles and governments have an important role to play to foster it through adequate policies. The global experience with RECP shows that multiple constraints can limit firms’ capacity to invest in profitable RECP options, including information, technical and financial constraints. This report was prepared under a regional technical assistance program on RECP in South Asia implemented by the World Bank over 2017-2019. This report’s objective is to address knowledge gaps on RECP in these three countries, provide a comparative assessment and identify policy interventions that could facilitate a more widespread adoption of RECP by manufacturing firms, including SMEs.


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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Mainstreaming Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production in South Asia

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    Resource Efficiency; small and medium size enterprise; law and regulation; preventive approach; industrial sector; Public-Private Dialogue; greening of industry; adverse environmental impact; regional technical assistance; per capita basis; access to finance; environmental management capacity; strategic decision making; private sector engagement; financial service provider; chambers of commerce; laws and regulation; command and control; energy and water; generation of waste; environmental policy instrument; pollute sector; small and medium enterprise; government institution; comparative assessment; strategic framework; green practices; adequate resources; industry association; environmental standard; regulatory approach; cleaner production; Industrial Policy; Industrial Policies; payback period; environmental issue; institutional framework; horizontal coordination; integrated strategy; central coordinating; operational work; external environment; business case; environmental footprint; firm performance; governmental agency; regulatory pressure; emission standard; resource consumption; environmental regulation; regular exchanges; industry representatives; financing institution; technical expert; technological option; international network; adequate financing; financial instrument; funding proposal; Technology Transfer; pollutant concentration; enforcement capacity; policy strategy; license requirement; product standard; fiscal instrument; refund system; disclosure scheme; baseline assessment; informal firms; resource recovery; voluntary action; market failure; market needs; transaction cost; coordinated action; stakeholder consultation; local expert; industrial pollution; financial constraint; industrial chemicals; food processing; Waste Management; social gains; public health; soil pollution; heavy metal; environmental health; green technology; financing activities; nonmetallic mineral; reference source; knowledge exchange; effective approach; consumption activities; manufacturing sector; investment opportunities; knowledge gap; international efforts; efficiency gain; industrial production; industrial association; awareness raising; global experience



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