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Les activités des enfants en Afrique subsaharienne : les enseignements des enquêtes sur le travail des enfants en Afrique de l'Ouest (Francês)

From surveys conducted in four countries in West Africa between 2005 and 2006, this study examines the forms of child labor and its explanatory factors. It is based on the interpretation of national and international legislation on child labor in order to understand the characteristics of the phenomenon. The results of the study contribute not only in the debate on statistical estimates of the forms of child labor, but also to better understanding of policy direction in the field of child labor. Statistics collected from surveys of child labor in West Africa provide some light on this phenomenon in the region despite the diversity of national situations. They highlight the extent and different forms of child labor, and emphasize the interference of individual characteristics, social and geographic distribution sector activities performed by children. The data confirm that children are mostly involved in agriculture, the informal sector and domestic work. In addition, the author notes that child labor in some way mimics the division in adult work: the girls find themselves heavily in domestic services and boys are more oriented towards agriculture. The study also emphasizes that children's activities vary remarkably across regions and between the seasons. Moreover, the contribution of this study stresses the translation of national laws and international conventions in terms of statistical indicators of child labor. Thus, this research contributes to the debate on statistical estimates of different forms of child labor, particularly the abolition of child labor.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Diallo, Y.

  • Data do documento

    2008/07/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    64523

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Mali,

    Costa do Marfim,

    Senegal,

    Burkina Fasso,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2011/09/15

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Les activités des enfants en Afrique subsaharienne : les enseignements des enquêtes sur le travail des enfants en Afrique de l'Ouest

  • Palavras-chave

    aged, begging, child labor, child labour, child nutrition, child prostitutes, child rights, child sexual abuse, child soldiers, child welfare, child workers, childbirth, childhood, clinics, compensation, Convention on the Rights of the Child, domestic servants, domestic workers, drug abuse, eighteen years of age, environmental health, exercises, families, Family Care, family members, family planning, female, females, fishing industry, formal education, gangs, gender, hazardous substances, hazardous working conditions, headaches, health effects, home, homes, hospitals, houses, imprisonment, infant mortality, infants, injuries, insurance, international comparisons, International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, international standards, intervention, iron, isolation, judge, legislation, literacy, living conditions, Living Standards, loneliness, migration, monitoring progress, mortality, occupational health, older children, orphanhood, parents, pension, prostitutes, prostitution, quality of life, quantitative research, rape, Right of the Child, scavenging, school attendance, screening, sex, sexual abuse, siblings, social networks, Social Protection, social security, street children, unemployment, unwanted pregnancy, vocational training, wages, will, work environment, working children, working conditions, workplace, World Summit for Children, young persons, younger children

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