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Strengthening skills and employability in Peru : final report (Inglês)

This report presents the final results and conclusions of a multi-year program developed by a team comprising Bank staff and first-rate Peruvian researchers, which provides policy-relevant analysis of the constraints to labor market entry for low income workers. Expanding employment opportunities and addressing the deficits in skills of large segments of the labor force have become a central concern for policy makers, the business community, academics, and the society at large in Peru. The study of the labor market and skills acquisition is not an empty field in Peru. Many local analysts have undertaken several studies of the education and training systems and the associated labor market returns. However, up to now data limitations have precluded detailed analyses of the constraints of low-income workers, particularly youth, to map their skills into suitable jobs, and to acquire the skills demanded by the labor market. This is, in fact, generally the case throughout Latin America and in many countries in the developing world. It is hoped that this effort and the report can contribute to inform the discussions of the future of social and employment policy among policy makers and the Peruvian society at large.


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    Estratégia de desenvolvimento de cidades (CDS)

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Strengthening skills and employability in Peru : final report

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    Labor Market;Encuesta Nacional de Hogares;access to employment opportunity;education and training system;Seguro Integral de Salud;maternal and child health;skill formation;urban labor market;labor market outcome;demand for skill;supply of skill;barriers to employment;market for skill;labor market trend;returns to schooling;Labor Market Observatory;expansion of access;labor market study;prima facie evidence;labour force survey;higher education enrollment;urban labor force;entire labor force;job search process;qualitative data collection;expanding employment opportunity;supervision and guidance;higher education program;tertiary education system;efficiency and quality;information on market;per capita income;higher value added;natural resource endowment;social protection program;job training center;labor market analysis;quality of education;labor market regulation;quality employment;incidence of unemployment;real wage growth;middle income economy;Social Safety Nets;economic growth opportunity;Poverty & Inequality;allocation of labor;human capital accumulation;types of school;degree of mobility;source of employment;point of entry;changing labor market;rates of return;technical skills training;quality of job;quality of employment;skill development strategy;basic education cycle;health and nutrition;labor market policy;basic education curriculum;support to school;quality basic education;low-income worker;generic skill;professional skill;Job Matching;employment creation;information failure;cognitive skill;institutional failure;learning environment;labor productivity;unemployment rate;household survey;employment opportunities;employer demand;employment growth;survey instrument;skill certification;firm training;public policy;social network;career choice;test development;technical career;global economy;rural area;skill mismatch;train service;job opportunities;professional qualification;human capacity;labor exchange;policy option;conceptual framework;informal labor;employment prospect;Young Workers;qualitative study;long-term growth;job opportunity;urban population;policy question;anecdotal evidence;labor economics;skill gap;ongoing work;lower-income family;evidence-based policy;basic skill;financial constraint;urban worker;older worker;productivity growth;family background;skill education;educational progress;college education;educational enrolment;schooling attainment;reservation wage;comparable data;employment policy;employment preferences;social exclusion;school quality;parental involvement;geographic barrier;social insurance;rural family;short-term training;adequate information;internal migration;poor child;qualified worker;survey questionnaire;civil society;focus group;Employment Policies;primary contribution;cognitive development;employment condition;disadvantaged family;community participation;lifetime earnings;educational achievement;cognitive ability;labor economist;pilot testing;Social Mobility;survey enumerator;low-income parent;access gap;adequate provision;field work;paying job;adult life;economics literature;political actor;frictional unemployment;public resource;market segment;industrialized country;labor shortage;child malnutrition;Industrialized countries;social pact;Early childhood;short supply;urban market;workers experience;political sustainability;red tape;Business Regulation;family size;birth order;rural labor;Health Service;skill analysis;operational capacity;private return;adequate supply;investment increase;regulatory issue;rural economy;income individual;increasing integration;accelerating growth;technological adaptation;equity aspect;trade labor;adequate health;targeted program;qualified student;Tax Exemption;accredited institution;innovative loan;research network;selective intervention;public financing;Job Quality;private provision;low-income family;student finance;tertiary institution;suitable employment;formal schooling;business community;Job Creation;final examination;skill acquisition;data limitation



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