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Rural poverty : trends and measurement (Inglês)

This paper analyzes the trends and measurements related to key aspects of rural poverty, using 24 sample countries that represent various regions and levels of economic development. The paper also reviews the basic characteristics of rural poverty; and the various factors that result in lack of opportunity, empowerment, and security. In this context, five critical aspects of rural poverty are identified: lack of income and economic assets, human development, gender equity, and food security. Agricultural growth is critical in uplifting the rural incomes. The availability of other assets, especially livestock holdings, on a per household basis, are extremely low and lack of appropriate tools, equipment, and technology remains a serious constraint in increasing output and incomes. The paper also reviews rural poverty trends over the last decade for the sample countries with respect to income poverty, human assets, gender equity and food security. The paper also indicates how to monitor and measure progress, or lack of it, of rural poverty. The goal is to target poverty interventions to monitor changes more closely and quickly.

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