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Enhancing Nepal’s Investment Competitiveness : An Institutional and Regulatory Analysis (Inglês)

Nepal has been one of the slowest growing economies of South Asia, with growth averaging just over 4 percent a year. The present remittance-driven model is unable to deliver sustainable growth in gross domestic product (GDP) or employment. Trade and investment can be important drivers of growth, but performance has been lackluster. Nepal’s exports and imports are lower, on average, than other countries at similar income levels, even after accounting for its size, remoteness from main markets, and its landlocked status. Achieving greater integration in the global economy and building a competitive export sector will require addressing several economic and institutional challenges. To aid this process, the Government of Nepal (GoN) has devoted substantial resources to promoting trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), and tourism. This note evaluates the legal, regulatory, and institutional framework for FDI. It assesses the role of FDI in Nepal’s economy, and evaluates the legal, regulatory, and institutional framework for investment policy and promotion. It explores opportunities and constraints for investment through the application of the investment lifecycle model, which depicts the dynamic relationship between FDI and the host country, and the various steps throughout that relationship. The note is organized as follows: section I gives introduction. Section II presents a snapshot of Nepal’s FDI trends across time. Section III provides an assessment of Nepal’s legal, regulatory, and institutional environment for investment, and section IV presents recommendations for reforms.


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    Shams,Heba, Narain,Ashish, Manghnani,Ruchita, Andersen,Maria Reinholdt, Perea, Kher,Priyanka, Sethuramasubbu,Ramprakash, Diao,Kunxiang, Gan, Zhe Ken

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  • Nome do documento

    Enhancing Nepal’s Investment Competitiveness : An Institutional and Regulatory Analysis

  • Palavras-chave

    foreign investor; Bank and Financial Institutions Act; investment policy and promotion; resources for investment promotion; Cost of Doing Business; infrastructure and service delivery; high levels of concentration; transport and logistics services; international good practice; settlement of dispute; reference source; legal framework; international investment agreement; dispute settlement mechanism; institutional framework; interest rate cap; foreign currency loan; bilateral investment agreement; bilateral investment treaty; law and regulation; free trade agreement; foreign direct investment; Type of Investment; trade and investment; fixed capital investment; foreign direct investor; double taxation agreement; access to land; tax administration system; foreign equity investment; air passenger service; balance of payment; types of transactions; freedom of movement; local government body; piece of legislation; investment policy statement; range of investor; enforcement of security; foreign investment capital; Rule of Law; foreign currency borrowing; local government institution; labor force working; regional integration agreement; reduction in poverty; intellectual property rights; real exchange rate; environment protection; income tax act; preferential trade agreement; sale of share; payment of principal; payment of compensation; seizure of property; risk of expropriation; gross domestic product; greenfield investment; national treatment; repatriation right; source country; foreign lender; investor protection; Technology Transfer; financial service; Business Climate; Labor Market; repatriation process; investment climate; data limitation; institutional environment; gap analysis; approval process; investment requirement



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