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Madagascar - Systematic country diagnostic (Inglês)

This document is hence organized not around the three types of challenges, but around five themes of governance, public finance issues, private sector-led economy, poverty and environment, and human capital, all crucial to achieving faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth. Chapter one provides the country context. Chapter two discusses the quality of governance, an overarching issue in Madagascar. It has a direct bearing on the pace, the inclusiveness and sustainability of growth. While acknowledging the importance of improving governance for Madagascar, which is a difficult, medium term undertaking, this Systematic Country Diagnostic argues that progress is also possible. Chapter three discusses how amelioration in managing public finances, and increasing revenue in particular, could be used as a lens for improved governance. Chapter four discusses the role and challenges of the private sector, the main driver of growth. Chapter five discusses the challenges for achieving higher human capital in a country with a very young population and some of the highest infant stunting and malnourishment rates in the world. Chapter six discusses the faces of poverty, which are predominantly rural, agricultural and informal. A structural transformation has not started in Madagascar and poverty and environment are closely intertwined. The chapter also discusses the challenges to enhancing the management of natural resources and protecting the poor from natural disasters and impacts of climate change. Chapter seven summarizes the challenges and prioritizes the reforms.

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    Systematic Country Diagnostic

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    Madagascar - Systematic country diagnostic

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    centre for research on the epidemiology;Growth and Opportunity Act;Environment and Natural Resources;male labor force participation rate;lack of access to infrastructure;World Travel and Tourism Council;Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise;natural capital;real per capita income;extreme poverty;political crisis;millennium development goal;Management of Natural Resources;poverty head count;information and communication technology;school situation;higher incidence of poverty;impact of climate change;average length of stay;export processing zone;per capita consumption;rate of deforestation;consumption growth;informal sector;productive asset;impacts of pollution;nonrenewable natural capital;world heritage site;global financial crisis;delivery of service;source income;real growth rate;form of poverty;law enforcement agencies;high population growth;corporate governance structure;public utility enterprise;Access to Education;investments in education;social protection expenditure;public sector pensions;purchasing power parity;acres of land;vegetable and fruit;loss of livestock;relative price change;increase in income;headcount poverty rate;discounted present value;current account deficit;natural capital account;abundant natural resource;Managing Public Finance;international trading environment;maternal mortality ratio;price of fuel;share of employment;increase consumer price;Access to Electricity;sustainability of development;rural poverty rate;slash and burn;renewable natural resource;quality of governance;loss of employment;international poverty line;large scale mining;climate change risk;depth of poverty;production of rice;lack of articulation;rapid population growth;rate of degradation;source of income;small scale fishery;Extractive Industry;large mining;human capital;political instability;labor productivity;higher inequality;secondary sector;political stability;



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