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Ethiopia Poverty Assessment : Harnessing Continued Growth for Accelerated Poverty Reduction - Overview (Inglês)

The poverty headcount in Ethiopia is falling. The share of the population below the national poverty line decreased from 30 percent in 2011 to 24 percent in 2016. This decrease was achieved in spite of the fact that the 2015-16 survey was conducted during the severe El-Nino drought. The observed reduction in poverty is robust to the use of alternative deflators. The fall in the poverty headcount was driven mainly by Ethiopia’s strong economic growth over that period. This poverty assessment focuses on the evolution of poverty and other social indicators in Ethiopia between 2011 and 2016. It uses data from a variety of sources, mainly the Household Consumption and Expenditure Survey (HCES), the Welfare Monitoring Surveys (WMS), the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) and the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), to observe trends in monetary and non-monetary dimensions of living standards and to examine the drivers of these trends, with a special focus on government programs. The aim of the poverty assessment is to provide policymakers and development partners with information and analysis that can be used to improve the effectiveness of their poverty reduction and social programs.


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    Bundervoet,Tom, Finn,Arden Jeremy, Nakamura,Shohei, Beyene,Berhe Mekonnen, Paci,Pierella, Mylenko,Nataliya, Turk,Carolyn

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    Ethiopia Poverty Assessment : Harnessing Continued Growth for Accelerated Poverty Reduction - Overview

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    national planning commission; Poverty and Equity; rural area; complete primary school; Employment in Urban Areas; net primary school enrolment; Growth Elasticity of Poverty; Below the Poverty Line; female-headed household; higher level of education; access to basic service; low levels of education; urban poverty reduction; change in poverty; reduction in poverty; national poverty line; urban population growth; dimensions of poverty; human development outcome; improved water source; depth of poverty; terms of consumption; private sector wage; lack of education; cash crop cultivation; million people; human development indicator; rate of consumption; poor urban household; data on poverty; Access to Electricity; high poverty rate; inequality of opportunity; drop in poverty; increased income; infant mortality rate; total fertility rate; low poverty rate; privileges and immunity; average poverty rate; extremely poor household; percent change; daily calorie intake; public infrastructure investment; child mortality rate; share of employment; social protection program; access to water; public sector wage; flush compost; poverty headcount rate; return to education; household head; health facility; dependency rate; pastoral area; population shift; consumption growth; rural population; chronically poor; poverty gap; population share; transitory poverty; chronic poor; transient poor; hourly wage; consumption expenditure; latrine pit; toilet facility; urban consumption; bottom quintile; food shortage; medium towns; mean growth; Public Services; employment share; total inequality; Economic Mobility; household poverty; confidence bound; geographic distribution; employment growth; headcount ratio; household consumption; secondary city; dependency ratio; average consumption; household welfare; social indicator; living condition; pit latrine; public policy; urban poor; large population; flush toilet; urban distribution; educated person; financial strain; urban institution; urbanization level; baseline poverty; escape poverty; high probability; rural hinterland; rural quintile; unemployment decrease; spring source; female unemployment; working-age population; water well; piped water; wage level; Learning and Innovation Credit; urban employment; welfare distribution; wage employment; poverty trend; children's mortality; education variable; secondary enrolment; poverty profile; regional concentration; consumption level; oil seed; cereal crop; cultural sector; pastoral population; household count; mobile populations; consumption distribution; agricultural growth; real consumption; crop price; real growth; agricultural sector; food gap; household expenditure; wealth quintile; age cohort; school completion; cumulative fertility; household size; gross enrolment; poor child; transitory poor; Agricultural Technology; basic vaccinations; improved seed; population center; Rural Poor; consumption variability; high extent; intergenerational transmission; longitudinal data; long-term poverty; large town; representative sample; recent years; individual household; longitudinal survey; expenditure survey; cross-sectional nature; price ratio; coffee price; relative price; sectoral employment; interior design; poverty growth; rural average; job opportunity; photo credit; copyright owner; rural-urban migration; household characteristic; sole responsibility; land scarcity; job opportunities; household level; living standard; development partner; research show; original work; social program; poverty severity; poverty datum; poverty decline; city administration; economic expansion; gini coefficient; commercial purpose; program leader; Sanitation Services; effect estimate; low share



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