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Proceedings of the World Bank annual conference on development economics 1989 : keynote address - development policy research : the task ahead (Inglês)

The conference began with a keynote address by the secretary general of the South Commission. He identified some of the major areas of challenge for researchers dealing with development: the role of the state, the management of the public sector, and reform of the international trading regime. Though he did not discuss them in detail in his address, he also cited food security and human resource development as deserving priority attention. The secretary general sees the critical question for the modernization of the state as not so much its size as the overall quality and effectiveness of its impact. He felt that better management of the public sector and its careful delineation would be critical for private sector development as well as for the prospects for reform in the socialist economies: both issues he felt would need location-specific answers. For the trading system, the author asked whether developed country markets would still be available if developing countries which have pursued inward-looking development strategies were to switch to export-orientation based on labor-intensive manufactured goods. The author concluded by calling for an international mechanism to impartially evaluate the development performance of developing countries undergoing structural reform.


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    Singh, Mannohan

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    Proceedings of the World Bank annual conference on development economics 1989 : keynote address - development policy research : the task ahead

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    international division of labor;modernization of the state;net outflow of capital;management of water resource;protection of intellectual property;real rate of interest;international financial institution;process of development;population growth rate;international commodity price;Science and Technology;export of capital;international bank lending;Rule of Law;international trade theory;cost of output;factor of production;private sector management;exchange rate system;export of products;public sector operation;international economic environment;barrier to entry;public sector involvement;long gestation period;inequality of income;basic social service;unit of output;strong bargaining position;land and water;multilateral trade negotiation;international economic policy;rate of growth;regional development bank;human resource development;development policy;labor-intensive product;industrial product;performance norm;trade regime;vested interests;private property;comparative advantage;market force;affected country;government authority;price incentive;private enterprise;enterprise function;competitive environment;effective price;monopoly rent;multidisciplinary research;aggregate supply;farm produce;single crop;Agricultural Technology;marketing arrangement;government interference;international arrangements;efficient performance;agricultural strategy;postwar period;public support;national income;international arbitration;national energy;uruguay round;consumption pattern;dynamic effect;transnational corporation;world development;nitrogen fertilizer;social gap;economics research;moral authority;farm price;political economist;regulatory measure;import control;national sovereignty;creditor country;external shock;international support;independent body;international flow;capital flight;net transfer;international level;Rural Sector;international environment;manufactured export;export volume;world trade;fertility rate;international event;Death rates;international access;technology exporters;agricultural productivity;investment criterion;domestic legislation;technological advancement;production function;state apparatus;administrative capability;cheap labor;administrative resource;efficient management;domestic supply;export efforts;structural adjustment;life expectancy;foreign competition;state interference;Infant Mortality;protection level;import needs;Natural Resources;dynamic export;import regime;external payment;yield valuable;price structure;crony capitalism;industrial nations;raw material;capital accumulation;official flow;political structure;strategic areas;state intervention;institutional safeguard;dynamic economy;natural outcome;political framework;private initiative;regional distribution;political reform;reform package;tax structure;technological capability;international mechanism;Capitalist countries;firm commitment;human rights;skill formation;Public Services;technological development;compensatory measure;privatization experience;wholesale privatization;inflationary pressure;operational deficiencies;regulatory function;monopolistic environment;state involvement;capital requirement;political mechanism;development performance;increased demand;capital stock;domestic requirement;private activity;entrepreneurial ability;market imperfection;postwar year;external assistance;tax system;wasteful consumption;private capitalist;cost-effective delivery;



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