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Are rural road investments alone sufficient to generate transport flows Lessons from a randomized experiment in rural Malawi and policy implications (Inglês)

This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled Are rural road investments alone sufficient to generate transport flows? Lessons from a randomized experiment in rural Malawi and policy implications, conducted between the months of July to December 2009 in Malawi. The study observed that using randomly allocated prices for use of the bus; this experiment demonstrates that at very low prices, bus usage is high. Bus usage decreases rapidly with increased prices. However, based on the results on take-up and minibus provider surveys, the experiment demonstrates that at any price, low (with high usage) or high (with low usage), a bus service provider never breaks even on this road. More than 60 percent of households used the bus at least once with an average of 2.85 rides. There is a sharp decrease in ridership among those required to pay a positive price, especially above 100 Kwacha. Results are similar amongst men and women.

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