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Argentina - Managing environmental pollution : issues and options : Summary report (Inglês)

In general, Argentina has more environmental pollution than one would expect in a country with upper-middle income level of development. These problems result mainly from the gradual increase of the urban population and industrial development, combined with an inadequate regulatory framework and a long-standing deficit in sanitary and waste treatment infrastructure. The objective of this report is to assist the government in developing such a strategy. The proposed approach is to: 1) review the health, productivity, amenity and other costs associated with the different forms of pollution as a basis for establishing relative priorities; 2) review the options for addressing the priority problems based on the comparison of effectiveness and costs; and 3) integrate the results into a recommended plan of action. Based on limited available information, the most severe problems appear to be in the major urban areas: 1) groundwater contamination; 2) air and noise pollution; 3) uncontrolled solid waste dumps; 4) surface water contamination; 5) overlapping institutional authority and capacity; and 6) virtually nonexistent environmental monitoring information and analysis. Finally, the report is organized as follows: 1) chapter I presents an overview of pollution problems in Argentina and attempts to analyze the costs of pollution; 2) chapters II-V present options for addressing pollution problems, assessing their costs, and determining, where feasible the cost of effective interventions; 3) chapter VI analyzes institutional questions; and 4) chapter VII concludes with the definition of priorities for action.


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    Relatório Econômico ou Setorial Pré-2003

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  • Região

    América Latina e Caribe,

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  • Nome do documento

    Summary report

  • Palavras-chave

    weights and measure;effluent fee;water supply and sanitation service;water and sewerage service;industrial effluent;social cost of transport;quality of water supply;industrial wastewater treatment facility;Transport and Air Pollution;expansion of water supply;cost of water supply;compliance with emission standard;source of pollution;high real interest rate;sewage treatment;population at risk;cost of service;surface water pollution;surface water contamination;groundwater;environmental action plan;urban land use;septic tank;unleaded gasoline;waste minimization;air pollution policy;impact on health;applicable emission standard;world health organization;industry and trade;agriculture and livestock;hazardous waste treatment;air pollution levels;quality of rivers;pollution problem;environmental pollution;water and sewage;reduction in emission;reduction of waste;real exchange rate;concentration of traffic;solid waste pollution;secondary treatment plants;liberalization of trade;water treatment plant;local water body;access to capital;public transport development;expansion of access;cost of fund;high inflation rate;price of gasoline;types of finance;waste treatment facility;development of enterprise;adequate waste collection;adequate regulatory framework;central business district;demand for transport;technology and markets;technical assistance grant;industrial pollution control;hazardous waste regulation;biological oxygen demand;large urban areas;industrial pollution sources;mode of transport;cost of waste;marginal social cost;compressed natural gas;inadequate water supply;gnp per capita;cost of removal;ambient water quality;lack of finance;land use planning;vehicle emission standard;raw sewage;sewage treatment plant;water quality analysis;deterioration of groundwater;sewage collection system;financial incentive;surface water treatment;water quality monitoring;metropolitan area;water supply technologies;lead pollution;social damage;spatial management;fuel tax;treatment facilities;environmental performance;disposal facility;urban population;untreated sewage;downtown area;groundwater contamination;medium enterprise;primary treatment;air dumps;public health;household sewage;public well;water consumption;industrial sector;water bodies;atmospheric inversion;bus lane;institutional aspect;noise pollution;sanitation infrastructure;urban transport;condominial sewerage;environmental change;low-income consumer;water company;transport vehicle;industrial establishments;suburban rail;site selection;fuel requirement;Sanitation Services;industrial emission;sewerage infrastructure;environmental service;metal finishing;safe disposal;urban function;environmental standard;pollution reduction;monitoring program;polluter pays;service coverage;sewerage coverage;fee for water;ambient pollution;public sewerage;regulatory intervention;environmental norms;ecological resource;resource constraint;low water;urban pollution;potable water;contract modification;economic instrument;hydropower generation;municipal water;greenhouse effect;carbon monoxide;water quantity;industrial area;acid rain;commercial vehicle;carbon dioxide;legal challenge;suburban railway;tax differentials;vehicle fuel;traffic artery;city bus;commute trip;bus transportation;health hazard;oecd countries;narrow street;local population;municipal authority;sample survey;congestion management;relative value;storm drains;rail tariff;particulate emission;ownership rate;car park;noise standard;restructuring program;lead emission;car usage;vehicle technology;individual investment;enforcing compliance;fuel use;tax base;vehicle maintenance;pollution externality;groundwater quality;fuel switching;removal rate;environmental cleanup;fuel choice;urban space;disposal service;exclusive reliance;pollution intensity;conventional approach;nitrogen oxide;transportation need;cooperative organizations;Waste Material;urban concentration;transparent manner;operational change;Public Transportation;corrosive nature



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