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The role of training programs for youth employment in Nepal : impact evaluation report on the employment fund (Inglês)

The youth unemployment rate is exceptionally high in developing countries. Because the quality of education is arguably one of the most important determinants of youth's labor force participation, governments worldwide have responded by creating job training and placement services programs. Despite the rapid expansion of skill-enhancement employment programs across the world and the long history of training program evaluations, debates about the causal impact of training-based labor market policies on employment outcomes still persist. Using a quasi-experimental approach, this report presents the short-run effects of skills training and employment placement services in Nepal. Launched in 2009, the intervention provided skills training and employment placement services for more than 40,000 Nepalese youth over a three-year period, including a specialized adolescent girls' initiative that reached 4,410 women ages 16 to 24. The report finds that after three years of the program, the Employment Fund intervention positively improved employment outcomes. Participation in the Employment Fund training program generated an increase in non-farm employment of 15 to 16 percentage points for an overall gain of about 50 percent. The program also generated an average monthly earnings gain of about 72 percent. The report finds significantly larger employment impacts for women than for men, but younger women ages 16 to 24 experienced the same improvements as older females. These employment estimates are comparable, although somewhat higher, than other recent experimental interventions in developing countries.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Chakravarty,Shubha, Lundberg,Mattias K. A., Nikolov, Plamen V., Zenker,Juliane

  • Data do documento

    2016/04/27

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

  • No. do relatório

    WPS7656

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Nepal,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2016/04/27

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    The role of training programs for youth employment in Nepal : impact evaluation report on the employment fund

  • Palavras-chave

    Central Bureau of Statistics;young woman;lack of employment opportunity;lack of employment opportunities;Gender Cross-Cutting Solution Area;labor force participation rate;impact evaluation design;data management and analysis;treatment group;difference in outcomes;job training program;propensity score matching;labor market policy;impacts on employment;average treatment effect;life skill training;average monthly earnings;labor market outcome;skill training programs;average monthly income;per capita income;national poverty line;quality of education;effect on employment;randomized controlled trials;capacity building workshops;job placement service;total labor force;reproductive health outcomes;parameter of interest;formal technical education;youth unemployment rate;household food security;follow up survey;positive impact;program impact;baseline survey;causal effect;program participation;eligibility criterion;employment outcome;response rate;employment impact;female trainee;differential pricing;employment program;vulnerable group;standard error;Vocational Training;program evaluation;classroom training;scientific validity;household level;fixed effect;productive employment;employment status;employment estimates;causal impact;creating job;payment system;employment effect;youth employment;average earning;ethnic group;social exclusion;vulnerable woman;weighting method;slum community;unobserved characteristic;primary source;sampling frame;female graduate;household asset;gender discrimination;study including;financial incentive;aggregate factors;entrepreneurial orientation;risky behavior;socioeconomic survey;explanatory variable;observational study;quasiexperimental design;idiosyncratic error;youth training;development partner;household size;education level;household head;regular attendance;important policy;statistical software;train service;program assignment;differential impact;drop out;demographic characteristic;demographic group;specialized investment;outreach activity;program completion;domestic work;dropout rate;marital status;long-term outcome;demographic indicator;empirical estimation;statistical tool;followup survey;attrition rates;family background;program effect;occupational choice;reasons given;administrative datum;private provider;Employment Services;program beneficiary;market demand;ongoing research;skilled artisan;research study;international donor;short course;competitive bidding;young men;Ethnic Minorities;job market;adolescent girl;informal sector;young population;small-scale agriculture;old females;research assistance;survey design;field survey;open access;development policy;unrestricted access;previous evaluation;female participant;youth program;skill certification;targeted program;business skill;skill standard;south sudan;young females;agriculture sector;potential threat;income gain;world economy;monitoring purposes;annual target;wage employment;marginalized group;livelihood skill;indigenous people;Indigenous Peoples;cooperative activity;food sufficiency;farming families;household income;educational status;evaluation method;matching method;disabled woman;evaluation strategy;gainful employment;incentive scheme;sampling strategy;minimum period;primary concern;

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