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Kiribati poverty and equity brief: spring 2018 (Inglês)

It is very difficult to analyze poverty trends in Kiribati due to the infrequency of data collection. The most recent Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was conducted more than 10 years ago, in 2006 (with the round prior to that conducted in 1996). Using the 2006 HIES, the poverty rate was estimated at 34.6 percent based on the lower middle income class poverty line, and 12.9 percent based on the international poverty line. Inequality, as measured by the Gini index, was 37, slightly below regional averages. According to the national basic needs poverty line, the incidence of poverty in 2006 was 21.8 percent. Poverty rates were considerably higher in South Tarawa (24.2 percent) and the Rest of the Gilbert Islands (rural households) (22.0 percent), than in the Line and Phoenix Islands (8.9 percent), though separate poverty lines were estimated for these areas. As in many of the Pacific countries, poverty is concentrated in households where the household head has a lower level of formal education.

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