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West Bank and Gaza Environment Priorities Note (Inglês)

West Bank and Gaza is faced with natural resources scarcity, which constrains livelihoods and development to varying degrees. The inherent scarcity of natural resources is further compounded by increasing degradation of environment and natural resources. Multiple factors contribute to deteriorating conditions of the environment and natural resources. The politically fragile situation continues with impacts of restricted movement on people and goods affecting the environment negatively since there are limited options for expansion of built-up areas and other livelihood opportunities. This has led to unsustainable practices with diminishing quality of the environment and natural resource-based livelihood opportunities for communities. It is therefore vital that the environment and natural resources scarcity be actively managed in a manner that enhances community livelihoods and resilience in order to contribute to sustainable development. The Palestinian authority recognizes the challenges that West Bank and Gaza faces in terms of environment and natural resources and has put in places various strategies and programs to address them. While these sectoral and national strategies and plans are important, they require full implementation and follow-up to ensure better environmental outcomes. This report discusses the key environmental issues faced by West Bank and Gaza, and the way forward to combat the same.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Esikuri,Enos E., Koyama,Ayumi, Morgan,Glenn S.

  • Data do documento

    2019/01/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Report

  • No. do relatório

    139605

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Cisjordânia e Gaza,

  • Região

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2019/07/23

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    West Bank and Gaza Environment Priorities Note

  • Palavras-chave

    Environment and Natural Resources; convention on biological diversity; climate change adaptation planning; negative impacts of climate change; impact of climate change; implications of climate change; global environmental conventions; Southern and Eastern; economics of climate change; wastewater collection and treatment; types of sanitation systems; international standard industrial classification; measure climate change; global average temperature increase; Climate Adaptation and Mitigation; climate change scenario; industrial wastewater; environmental issue; climate scenario; nationally determine contribution; Solid Waste Management; surface water flow; agricultural water demand; annual mean warming; flora and fauna; sea level rise; extreme weather event; regional climate model; natural resource extraction; wastewater treatment plant; Coastal Zone Management; Natural Resource Management; sludge management; industrial pollution; environmental challenge; financial resource; public health; water irrigation; Water Resource Management; decrease in rainfall; public health problem; contamination of surface; water for irrigation; Water and Energy; quality assurance mechanism; cost recovery rate; water sector development; reduction of waste; private sector actors; national development plan; storm water management; degradation of environment; movement of people; medical waste management; polluter pays principle; climate change implications; energy and water; air pollution effects; natural resource scarcity; climate change planning; climate change risk; climate change strategy; quality assurance process; Junior Professional; amount of rainfall; average daily rainfall; occupational health standard; industrial pollution control; hazardous waste management; institutional framework; olive oil; thematic area; municipal sewers; industrial establishments; climate resilience; protected area; fauna species; climate mitigation; disposal site; rainfall pattern; food processing; political context; extreme event; drought; waste transportation; environmental awareness; comparative analysis; treatment process; flood risk; vulnerability assessment; climate vulnerability; water situation; terrestrial ecology; poverty diagnostic; biodiversity loss; sustainable production; agricultural sector; rainfall variability; national communications; groundwater recharge; landfill site; sewer network; anaerobic digestion; mitigation measure; open burn; resource recovery; knowledge platform; environmental consideration; fishery management; natural forest; Land Rehabilitation; tree crop; liquid waste; environmental monitoring; open dump; waste water; date palm; income opportunity; Clean Energy; environmental approval; oil mill; Regional Studies; international relations; Population Growth; social instability; security threat; population increase; governmental agency; national authority; daily maximum; climate co-benefits; wastewater management; marine resource; annual precipitation; water scarcity; Urban Infrastructure; temperature change; sanitation access; land degradation; summer drought; livelihood opportunity; Agriculture; sewage network; enforceable regulations; rainwater harvesting; drainage system; poor household; licensing system; construction material; wastewater tariff; municipal wastewater; dump site; wastewater flow; pollution emission; afforestation activities; organic production; fishing zone; marine product; packaging material; total sanitation; emission standard; collected data; household income; rangeland rehabilitation; industrial activity; industrial sector; leachate management; energy planning; license procedure; vegetation cover; budget constraint; community livelihoods; environmental restoration; financial pressure; household consumption; high concentration; fishery yield; treatment facilities; vulnerable household; sewage management; drought mitigation; organizational review; environmental conservation; journal articles; Job Creation

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