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The Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis on Low Income Households in the Philippines : Deepening Distress Despite Rebounding Economy (Inglês)

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and efforts to contain the virus have caused severe health and economic effects in the Philippines. This study is the second of its series investigating the impact of COVID-19 and its policy measures on the outcomes of low-income households using the low-income households panel and economic (HOPE) survey data. At the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, the Government of the Philippines (GoP) introduced strict lockdowns which evolved over time. Despite the recovery in employment, household earnings are still much lower than they were before the crisis. The total number of working adults per households was still less than before and individuals were working fewer days each week. Overall food security is improving, but concerns remain as vulnerable populations experience an increasing degree of food insecurity, and nearly a third of respondents in the sample reported suffering from symptoms of depression in August. The note is structured as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two provides background on the Pantawid program and the government’s immediate social protection response to the COVID-19 crisis. Section three details the data and methodology used for the study. Section four presents the results on the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on low-income households. Section five presents the delivery and performance of social amelioration program (SAP). Finally, section six summarizes and concludes the study.

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