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Youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : Overview (Inglês)

Sub-Saharan Africa has just experienced one of the best decades of growth since the 1960s. Between 2000 and 2012, gross domestic product (GDP) grew more than 4.5 percent a year on average, compared to around 2 percent in the prior 20 years (World Bank various years). In 2012, the region's GDP growth was estimated at 4.7 percent- 5.8 percent if South Africa is excluded (World Bank 2013). About one-quarter of countries in the region grew at 7 percent or better, and several African countries are among the fastest growing in the world. Medium-term growth prospects remain strong and should be supported by a rebounding global economy. The challenge of youth employment in Africa may appear daunting, yet Africa's vibrant youth represent an enormous opportunity, particularly now, when populations in much of the world are aging rapidly. Youth not only need jobs, but also create them. Africa's growing labor force can be an asset in the global marketplace. Realizing this brighter vision for Africa's future, however, will require a clearer understanding of how to benefit from this asset. Meeting the youth employment challenge in all its dimensions, demographic, economic, and social, and understanding the forces that created the challenge, can open potential pathways toward a better life for young people and better prospects for the countries where they live. The report examines obstacles faced by households and firms in meeting the youth employment challenge. It focuses primarily on productivity, in agriculture, in nonfarm household enterprises (HEs), and in the modern wage sector, because productivity is the key to higher earnings as well as to more stable, less vulnerable, livelihoods. To respond to the policy makers' dilemma, the report identifies specific areas where government intervention can reduce those obstacles to productivity for households and firms, leading to brighter employment prospects for youth, their parents, and their own children.

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    Brooks,Karen Mcconnell, Filmer,Deon P., Fox,M. Louise, Goyal,Aparajita, Mengistae,Taye Alemu, Premand,Patrick, Ringold,Dena, Sharma,Siddharth, Zorya,Sergiy

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    young people;transition from school to work;advantage of economies of scale;saving and loan association;youth;Cost of Doing Business;Demographic and Health Survey;social and economic development;output per worker;household enterprise;structure of employment;cost of capital;access to finance;quality of education;global food prices;number of workers;labor force survey;wage employment;youth employment;natural resource rent;primary school student;supply of land;literacy and numeracy;geographic information system;areas of health;scale production;agricultural extension program;information on performance;vocational training institute;farmer field school;investments in agriculture;scale of production;share of wage;duties of citizens;natural resource endowment;privileges and immunity;technical vocational education;special economic zone;sense of mission;security at work;inequality and growth;basic human right;per capita income;complete primary school;decline in fertility;traditional financial institution;secure land tenure;access to land;demand for food;transfer of land;lack of competitiveness;financial service design;sale of asset;constraints on access;agricultural labor force;jobs in agriculture;incidence of poverty;overvalued exchange rate;human capital;wage sector;rural area;resource-rich country;informal sector;productive employment;Learning and Innovation Credit;crop area;agricultural productivity;land rental;nonfarm sector;total employment;business environment;productive work;young woman;rural youth;african farmer;Basic Education;agricultural growth;school leaver;domestic price;family formation;agriculture sector;family farm;global market;urban youth;land right;university graduate;global economy;urban counterpart;remunerative employment;farm household;policy priority;primary commodity;youth bulge;business opportunity;small-scale farmer;young men;employment opportunity;employment opportunities;industrial wage;creating job;farm size;age cohort;industrial sector;



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