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Community management of rural water supply : a study of seven projects in Francophone West Africa (Inglês)

This report is part of the overall strategy of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and World Bank water supply and sanitation program to document community management approaches world-wide and to refine models for community management of water and sanitation services through demonstration projects. Over the last twenty years, community management of water supplies has been promoted in many Francophone West African countries. This report presents a summary of some of the components that are key to establishing community management of water supply. In view of the importance of communities taking responsibility for the long term maintenance of water supplies, it was felt that many useful lessons can be learned from the experience of projects that had successfully involved communities in the management of their water supplies. The following seven projects were chosen: Mouhoun and Yatenga in Burkina Faso; Aqua Viva, Mali Sud, and Kita in Mali; and Plateau-Savane and Maritime in Togo. They were selected on the basis of an initial review of project documents, progress reports, and evaluations. Field work was conducted in October and November 1988 and the results are summarized in the report. Each section of the report presents: a discussion of the component in question, a comment highlighting the aspects which contribute to the effectiveness of the approaches used, and tables with specific information on the component. The study methodology, described in detail in annex one, includes a description of the approach, a list of the people interviewed, and the types of questions asked. The methodology describes the basic approach of interviewing project staff, community members, area mechanics, artisans, water point committee members, etc. A sample blank questionnaire is provided in annex two and the seven questionnaires which were completed are included as annex three. The questionnaires were used to obtain the following information on the projects: background on the projects and beneficiaries; water resource information; financing; construction; extension; water committees; maintenance and spare parts distribution; and other project activities. A list of persons met and project documents consulted during the study can be found in annexes four and five respectively.




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