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Review on Sustainable Forest Management and Financing in China (Inglês)

The purpose of this report is to review and disseminate lessons learned from domestically financed forestry programs in China and from those programs financed by international organizations, and to recommend best practices on sustainable forest management. Projects covered by the review include those supported by the World Bank (the Bank), the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ), Kreditanstalt Fur Wiederaufbeau (KfW), and those financed by the Government of China. In addition to conclusions on the most promising models for sustainable forest management (SFM), the review presents an overview of the main sources of financing for SFM and recommendations on what needs to be done to strengthen financial support for SFM. Forests play a key role in the conservation and protection of a wide range of ecosystems, including water courses, watersheds, wetlands, drylands, and deserts. They also serve important functions in conserving on-farm ecosystems, grasslands, and urban environments. Such is the importance of global forest ecosystems that they are often called the ‘the lungs of the Earth,’ the ‘kidneys of the Earth,’ or the ‘immune system of the Earth.’ They are also regarded as pivotal in stabilizing terrestrial ecosystems by balancing and offsetting changes in global dynamics that adversely affect terrestrial ecosystems, such as the sequestration of carbon dioxide.


  • Autor

    Liu,Jin, Reddy,Rama Chandra, Liu, Xueming, Zhao, Xincheng, Li,Xiang, Chen, Yaru

  • Data do documento


  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório


  • Nº do volume


  • Total Volume(s)


  • País


  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação


  • Disclosure Status


  • Nome do documento

    Review on Sustainable Forest Management and Financing in China

  • Palavras-chave

    Forest Management; financial internal rate of return; Economic Internal Rate of Return; social and environmental; national forest; Soil and Water Conservation; sustainable forest management; project design and implementation; Environmental and Social Safeguard; distribution of tree species; economic and financial analysis; alternative sources of financing; Environment and Natural Resources; sustainable management of forest; mountain slope; forest management plan; source of funding; forest carbon sequestration; healthy forest ecosystems; role of forests; participatory forest management; carbon dioxide equivalent; rural poverty alleviation; forestry carbon; climate change mitigation; source of financing; native tree species; climate change risk; extreme weather event; forest management activities; continuous forest cover; global forest ecosystems; hectare per year; Special Purpose Vehicle; terrestrial ecosystem; area of plantation; production of pulp; damage to infrastructure; combat climate change; certified emission reduction; loss of biodiversity; alternative financing mechanism; global temperature rise; forest management strategy; greenhouse gas emission; net present value; demand for timber; financial risk management; million people; use plant; mechanical wood products; forest resource management; source of employment; forest landscape restoration; procedure for implementation; water holding capacity; protection of biodiversity; international forest carbon; lower interest rate; good financial return; system of payment; rural income generation; private sector entities; amount of biomass; environmental protection measures; adverse environmental impact; participation of communities; increase growth; long maturity period; carbon storage capacity; sense of ownership; water storage reservoir; source of food; public awareness campaign; resistance to pest; future climate change; carbon sequestration activities; habitat for wildlife; conservation of biodiversity; more developed countries; improve forest; ecological protection; ecological service; ecological function; environmental service; best practice; soil erosion; coastal area; vegetative cover; forest quality; forest product; forestry program; natural forest; soil layer; public good; cash crop; selective cutting; salt content; natural disaster; commercial forest; government subsidy; plantation forest; forest structure; environmental condition; wind erosion; government funding; coastal site; Public Goods; compensation payment; forest stand; environmental specialist; forest act; incentive payment; social capital; natural vegetation; forestry operation; natural regeneration; species selection; forest sector; degraded forests; hydrological cycle; forest stock; ecological balance; technological support; marginal land; environmental issue; ecological stability; forest harvest; forestland use; subsidy payment; voluntary participation; forest classification; positive impact; Environmental Assessment; ecological restoration; natural conditions; site preparation; timber production; ecosystem restoration; light energy; alkali land; watershed management; ecological condition; hilly land; funding source; new technology; forestry development; mountain area; immune system; land preparation; forestry credit; planting density; Public-Private Partnership; mountainous area; degraded areas; soil quality; research program; government budget; bottom-up approach; grassland ecosystem; heavily dependent; total energy; biodiversity loss; project intervention; flat-rate system; government financing; Forest Development; water retention; natural ecosystem; financial resource; tropical rainforest; ecological objectives; social participation; terrestrial biosphere; financial rate; budgetary restraint; coniferous forest; global biomass; global production; equitable distribution; gene bank; subsidy policy; government authority; cooperative partnership; wind velocity; plant species; conserve biodiversity



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