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Sri Lanka - National HIV/AIDS Prevention Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : National policy (Inglês)

Although they represent the smallest part of the total amount of the total amount of HCW generated by the HCFs, hazardous and highly hazardous HCW must be managed specifically due to their potential harmful effects both on health and the environment. Currently environment-friendly, safe, and affordable options may not be available for every situation in Sri Lanka. The risk of health impact from environmental exposure should always be weighed against the risk of accidental infection from poor HCWM. Non-risk HCW will be placed in black polyethylene bags and either bagged for recycling or collected with other municipal waste. Hazardous HCW will be incinerated in double chamber incinerators or alternatively treated with disinfectant-autoclaving and shredding are the recommended technologies. A pit hole with a concrete lining is an alternative solution when underground waters do not risk being contaminated. Anatomical water will be collected separately and transported to a crematorium for incineration. Alternatively it can be dropped into a concrete lime pit or buried at a sufficient depth in a totally enclosed and secured location. Infected blood samples autoclaved or incinerated or incinerated or transported to a suitable facility for disposal. Highly infectious waste shall be autoclaved or alternatively, disinfected in a solution of sodium hypo chlorite in concentrated form and then discarded. Proceudres for handling radioactive and solid hazardous waste are also covered.

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