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Biodiversity and cultural property in the management of limestone resources - lessons from East Asia (Inglês)

This study focuses on the quarrying of limestone, as a subsidiary element of infrastructure projects, whose impact is not adequately assessed; even environmental assessments do not take full account of the potential of its biological, cultural, geological, and scenic features; thus, the awareness of these features forms the core of this study. The main use of limestone, a non-renewable resource, is examined, for, it is an essential raw material for cement manufacture, paramount for the construction industry. Furthermore, limestone is of major developmental importance, since the production of cement is often used as a barometer of growth and progress. However, the emphasis of the study is on the bio-diversity aspects, and cultural properties of limestone surroundings, not often taken into account. The bio-diversity of limestone ecosystems comprises species, who survive due to the abundance of calcium carbonate, enduring dry soil conditions, or species uniquely confined to limestone caves. Extinctions of limestone-restricted species have been recorded, and the status of other species, with significant economic value, is perilous. Culturally and historically, limestone areas are highly significant, as they may harbor evidences of early human culture in East Asia, providing, insights on prehistoric data through paleontological remains, and, invaluable information on environmental conditions and climate. The study discusses impact mitigation measures, limestone management options, and provides the rational, and sustainable means to exploit these resources.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Vermeulen, Jaap Whitten, Tony

  • Data do documento

    1999/09/30

  • TIpo de documento

    Publicação

  • No. do relatório

    19649

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    Biodiversity and cultural property in the management of limestone resources - lessons from East Asia

  • Palavras-chave

    degradation of critical natural habitats;Environment and Social Development;economic and sector work;large tracts of land;convention on biological diversity;carbon dioxide concentration;cultural property;cultural heritage site;conservation of natural;long-term sustainable development;extreme climatic conditions;ground water table;species of animal;adequate food supply;growth of tourism;geographically remote area;nontimber forest products;local drainage system;number of tourists;development of infrastructure;land and water;environmental safeguard policy;biological diversity conservation;educational classroom use;management of biodiversity;rocks and mineral;zoological park;bat conservation;interpretation of information;Natural Resource Management;codes of practice;adverse environmental impact;biodiversity value;Environmental Assessment;karst feature;organic material;plant species;green plant;cement industry;dolomitic limestone;endemic species;species richness;vegetation cover;biodiversity assessment;flagship species;protected species;protected area;soil cover;high humidity;natural environment;environmental condition;leaf litter;air movement;geographical area;food chain;arthropod fauna;local biodiversity;social aspect;animal species;fish species;small area;native plant;sulphuric acid;limestone quarrying;raw material;geographical range;cement factories;cultural value;construction industry;keystone species;building construction;wild areas;global biodiversity;project financing;intrinsic value;life span;precautionary approach;threatened species;numerical value;new guinea;biodiversity valuation;extreme conditions;global environmental;excess water;standard protocol;environmental risk;terrestrial ecosystem;aquatic life;community base;medicinal property;water level;protective measure;species lists;tree root;surface environment;seasonal changes;physical condition;alkaline soil;organic matter;listed species;predictive capacity;agricultural land;biological process;living organism;arthropod species;bedrock type;temperate region;hot regions;species composition;bedding plane;isolated populations;original vegetation;altitudinal range;light intensity;distinct species;shallow water;common species;underground water;aquatic ecosystem;free water;rainy season;behavioral adaptations;high concentration;aquatic species;small population;surface rock;destructive impact;international capital;habitat destruction;natural value;river plain;marine organism;sea level;chemical agents;cement manufacturing;public awareness;drainage pattern;pure water;intermediate level;acid rain;flowering plant;historic district;agricultural landscape;nonrenewable resource;bridge construction;cultural aspects;important sites;geological features;investment operation;common feature;traditional sector;land form;wildlife sanctuary;topographic map;biodiversity issues;cultural significance;rock property;high rainfall;arid area;temperate areas;environmental issue;cool climate;percolating water;intensive exploitation;surface layer;calcium carbonate;dry soil;tree crop;human culture;underground stream;water quality;water pollution;collateral damage;water extraction;tourist attraction;bush fire;ecological function;humid tropics;umbrella species;ecological requirements;tropical region;biological community;bird species;physical environment;road building;financial crisis;environmental concern;Impact assessments;cultural resource;cultural site;water use;traded goods;environmental managers;heavy machinery;artificial fertilizer;environmental cost;fish pond;water reservoir;cement production;building stone;

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