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The challenge of establishing world-class universities : El desafio de crear universidades de rango mundial (Espanhol)

There are many important questions to ask about the widespread push toward world-class status for universities around the world. Why is 'world-class' the standard to which a nation should aspire to build at least a subset of its tertiary education system? Might many countries be better served by developing the most locally relevant system possible, without concern for its relative merits in a global comparison? Is the definition of "world-class" synonymous with "elite Western" and therefore inherently biased against the cultural traditions of tertiary education in non-Western countries? Are only research universities world-class, or can other types of tertiary education institutions (such as teaching universities, polytechnics, community colleges, and open universities) also aspire to be among the best of their kind in an international perspective? To answer these questions, the report starts by constructing an operational definition of a world-class university. It then outlines and analyzes possible strategies and pathways for establishing such universities and identifies the multiple challenges, costs, and risks associated with these approaches. It concludes by examining the implications of this drive for world-class institutions on the tertiary education efforts of the World Bank, offering options and alternative perspectives on how nations can develop the most effective and relevant tertiary education system to meet their specific needs.


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    El desafio de crear universidades de rango mundial

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    academic achievement, academic freedom, Academic Ranking, academic staff, academic work, academically qualified students, acquisition, advanced education, advanced research, advancement of science, affirmative action, application of knowledge, campus university, centers of excellence, CEO, civil service, communication technologies, Community college, community colleges, competitive salaries, Corporation, critical thinking, curricula, Delaware, Developing Countries, disciplines, dissertation, distance education, doctoral students, Economic development, economic growth, education budget, education environment, education for development, education level, education policy, Education Sector, educational institutions, Educational Reform, educators, elite universities, employment, expenditures, faculties, financial constraints, financial resources, foreign students, global competitiveness, global environment, global knowledge, global market, globally competitive economies, governance arrangements, graduate programs, Graduate Students, high costs, Higher education, higher learning, human capital, Human Development, income levels, information infrastructure, institutional interests, intellectual development, international knowledge, international students, interventions, junior colleges, key role, knowledge economy, knowledge generation, Knowledge Societies, labor force, labor market, Learning, learning environment, learning needs, Learning Outcomes, liberal arts, liberal arts colleges, limited, local development, Ltd., medical university, mobility, national examinations, national innovation systems, national universities, new Universities, open admission policies, open universities, Open university, overall enrollment, pedagogical methods, performance of tertiary education institutions, polytechnic universities, polytechnics, poverty reduction, private corporation, private institutions, private partnerships, private tertiary education, private universities, professional schools, Professors, proxy, public expenditures, public funding, public universities, quality teaching, regulatory framework, Research Centers, Research Excellence, research funding, research institutes, research institutions, research laboratories, research opportunities, research output, research performance, research universities, research university, Researchers, scholars, scholarship program, scholarships, Science Research, scientific advances, scientific journals, Scientific Research, scientist, scientists, secondary school graduates, skilled labor, skilled workers, Social Science, society, stakeholders, State Universities, strategic planning, student body, student enrollment, student exchanges, student groups, student population, study tours, subsidiary, teaching, teaching staff, teaching universities, Technical assistance, technical education, technical innovations, technical institutes, technology transfer, tenure, Tertiary Education, Tertiary Education Institutions, Tertiary Education Reform, tertiary education reforms, tertiary education sector, tertiary education system, tertiary education systems, tertiary institution, training needs, tuition, tuition fees, undergraduate students, undergraduate teaching, undergraduates, Union, Universities, University College, university leaders, university leadership, university research, university systems



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