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Municipal Solid Waste Management : A Roadmap for Reform for Policy Makers (Inglês)

This roadmap is based on analyses of the experiences with waste management in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Japan, Romania, and the European Union (EU) generally. The experiences of other countries concerning waste management - Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Russia - have also informed the document. By comparing implementation conditions across the case studies, the roadmap draws lessons and emphasizes that enhancing the waste management sector is a gradual process, changes should be introduced incrementally, and the sector is to improve steadily achieving organic growth. Special attention is paid to the building blocks of a well-functioning waste management system, including reliable data, legislation, institutional framework, financing, public communication and participation, management capacity, and operations. The intention of this roadmap is to provide a simple list of key issues and their sequencing that may be used by national and regional/local authorities in the conceptualization and implementation of municipal solid waste management reforms. The issues identified are not exhaustive and are intended as a guideline for policy makers who are not sector specialists. The work was led Daniel Levine. The roadmap document was developed by Kremena Ionkova and Gerard Simonis. The research team was composed of Shiko Hayashi, Mihail Staynov, Diana Gheorghiu, Anatol Shagun and Gerard Simonis.


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    Municipal Solid Waste Management : A Roadmap for Reform for Policy Makers

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    Waste Management; Solid Waste Management; waste management system; Municipalities; waste collection; construction and demolition waste; national waste management strategy; private sector service providers; solid waste recycling activities; competent authority in charge; separation at source; revenue from sales; Association of Municipalities; municipal waste management; waste sector; waste hierarchy; maintenance and repair; quantity of waste; street cleaning; economies of scale; waste generation rate; waste to energy; infrastructure and facilities; polluter pays principle; mixed waste; international financial institution; waste management functions; property tax bill; price of good; national waste strategy; bill collection rate; source of revenue; repair and maintenance; accounting and reporting; treatment of waste; potentials for community; cost of service; household disposable income; waste information system; source income; cost of disposal; waste management service; waste treatment technology; continuous capacity building; cost of waste; food processing plants; development of market; cost of incineration; level of waste; waste management policy; cost of collection; responsibility for collection; waste treatment plants; number of generators; disposal of waste; shipments of waste; regular waste collection; achievement of targets; private sector involvement; sustainable waste management; sources of fund; Affordability to Pay; loans from bank; regional waste management; financing of investment; privileges and immunity; municipal waste collection; waste management approach; municipal waste service; source of income; public communication campaign; availability of finance; waste management operations; packaging waste; circular economy; Electronic Waste; disposal service; fee collection; disposal site; rural area; financial cost; national legislation; waste composition; low-income household; illegal dumping; average household; residual waste; national strategy; waste separation; cost allocation; municipal administration; municipal budget; municipal regulation; environmental benefit; market condition; waste flow; economic instrument



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