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North China water quality management study - summary report (Chinês)

Northern China is facing some of the most challenging water quality management problems in the world. The relatively low level of water resources, combined with high population densities and explosive economic development, has resulted in serious water shortages and degradation of the region's rivers, lakes, and costal areas. In recognition of these problems, the Government of the Netherlands, through the World Bank-Netherlands Water Partnership Fund approved a grant to study how to meet the huge investment demands for urban water and wastewater infrastructure and improve the performance of water and wastewater utilities. The North China water quality management study was a collaborative effort between the World Bank and the China Ministry of Construction to examine these issues and highlight new policy directions. The study has identified key issues, examined investment trends, and piloted a benchmarking system. The study has provided a number of practical recommendations which can result in improved policy formulation, better utility management, and improved private sector participation. The study found that analyzing the performance of wastewater utilities was much more difficult as most cities, at present, do not contain comprehensive information on their wastewater services, particularly for collection. The study highlighted that significant benefits in water service and water quality could be obtained from improving the performance of utilities.


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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    North China water quality management study - summary report

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    activated sludge, administrative support, aeration, anoxic, basins, biological treatment, BOD, bulk Water, Central Government, certification, chlorine, coastal areas, COD, collection efficiency, collection system, collection systems, Connection charge, Construction, Continuity of service, Cost of Water, cubic meter, cubic meters, Debt, dewatering, dissolved oxygen, domestic use, domestic users, domestic water, domestic water demand, drainage system, drinking water, drinking water quality, economic development, economic growth, effluent, effluent quality, Environmental, environmental impacts, Environmental Protection, expenditures, exploitation, financial resources, fresh water, government financing, Ground water, Groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater resources, hardness, high water, Household Connections, households, income, industrial discharges, industrial users, industrial water, industrial water consumption, Inflation, investment planning, investment program, investment requirements, Labor costs, lakes, large cities, local water, management of water, mechanical equipment, moisture, Monthly water bill, Municipal Development, municipal government, municipal governments, municipalities, national income, nutrient removal, operational efficiency, operational expenses, organic carbon, performance data, Performance Indicators, pipe network, pipe replacement, pollution control, population densities, Population Density, population growth, programs, project management, Public Health, public utilities, public water, pumping, pumping stations, Purchasing Power, Quality of service, Quality of water, quality standards, raw water, Reclamation, regulatory framework, residential customers, river basin, river system, rivers, safe water, savings, sea, sea water, senior management, Service Area, Service quality, sewer networks, sewer system, sewerage infrastructure, sewerage sector, sewerage service, sewerage system, sewerage systems, sludge disposal, sludge handling, small cities, stormwater, subsidence, Surface water, surplus water, tariff policies, Tariff setting, Town, Towns, treatment technologies, Urban Area, urban environment, Urban Water, Urban Water Supply, Utilities, utility management, Wastewater, wastewater collection, Wastewater Discharge, wastewater disposal, wastewater infrastructure, wastewater management, wastewater pollution, wastewater sector, wastewater services, Wastewater Treatment, Wastewater Treatment Plant, wastewater utilities, Wastewater Utility, Water Association, Water Authority, water bodies, water companies, water company, water consumption, Water Coverage, water demand, water distribution, Water diversion, water facilities, water industry, water needs, Water Partnership, water points, water pollution, water pollution control, water production, water projects, Water Quality, Water Quality Management, water quality problems, Water Resource, water resources, water resources management, Water Reuse, Water Sales, water scarcity, Water Sector, water service, water shortage, water shortages, Water Source, water sources, Water Supply, water supply demand, water supply facilities, water supply industry, water supply system, Water Supply Utility, water system, Water Table, Water Treatment Plant, wells, WTP



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