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China - Loess Plateau Watershed Rehabilitation Project (Inglês)

Project outcome is rated highly satisfactory; and project sustainability is highly likely. World Bank and Borrower performances were both rated highly satisfactory. These are some of the lessons drawn for future projects. 1) Watershed management project requires well designed technical packages which generate incomes for the local communities. The comprehensive technical packages supported by the project included afforestation, halting cropping on steep slopes, establishment of large-scale terracing and sediment control structures, and reduction of overgrazing. Those technically sound project interventions combined sustainable soil and water conservation practices with gains inagricultural production and farm incomes and were the foundation and prerequisite for project success. 2) Strong ownership at different levels makes a project truly participatory.. Local communities were in charge of developing their own plans. Equally important was the support from different levels of government who saw clear benefits for the down stream flood control, reduced soil and water erosion and sandstorms. As a result, high quality technical and management staff were assigned to the project and issues such as counterpart funding were speedily resolved. 3) The key elements for successful project management include: (i) making use and developing local capacity and institutions for implementation, (ii) applying simple but strict and transparent procurement and disbursement mechanisms with a high degree of beneficiary control, and (iii) imposing a strong and transparent monitoring system, which allows efficient and cost-effective internal and external control like the system of 'maps and tables' introduced in this project. 4) Successful pilot activities can be scaled up with good project planning and management. 5) Consistency in the composition of a competent core Task Team greatly enhances Bank-Client cooperation. 6) The "public goods" nature of the project should be fully recognized with the financial obligations accepted by the different stakeholders. As a lot of the environmental impact from increased vegetation cover and reduced sediment and sand storm created benefits outside of the project area. The costs of major project inventions, which generate such benefits, should be jointly borne by project farmers, and local and central governments. If this government responsibility had have been fully accepted, the project's achievement in sediment dam construction could have been higher.


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    Conclusão da Implementação e Relatórios sobre Resultados

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    China - Loess Plateau Watershed Rehabilitation Project

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    Soil and Water Conservation;Livestock and Animal Husbandry;sustainable land management;Land and Water Resources;monitoring and evaluation system;project monitoring and evaluation;project design and implementation;source income;quality at entry;principal performance ratings;erosion control programs;land use change;flood protection work;intensive production system;agriculture and livestock;river training works;inflow sediment;vulnerability to drought;source of financing;exchange rate;reduction of poverty;environmentally sustainable agriculture;technical assistance service;information system management;land use planning;outputs by components;sustainable farming practice;high crop yield;incentives for investment;land tenure reform;per capita income;integrated watershed management;production of fuel;Water Resource Management;erosion control measures;long term contract;terms of policy;ratings of bank;sustainable crop production;institutional development impact;public sector institution;natural vegetation cover;Special Drawing Right;performance and efficiency;costs to household;flow of water;income earning activity;Diversification of Production;Exchange Rates;environmentally vulnerable areas;employment of woman;livestock development activity;quality assurance group;annual sediment inflow;procurement and disbursement;water conservation practices;incentive for farmer;natural resource protection;arbor tree;agricultural production;small watershed;Carbon sequestration;check dam;borrower performance;sediment control;watershed rehabilitation;survival rate;project costing;integrate watershed;government commitment;counterpart fund;working relationship;gully control;steep slope;fruit production;severe drought;watershed development;counterpart funding;agricultural practice;Flood Prevention;arable land;Livestock Production;conservation measure;sloping land;natural regeneration;farmers uses;fodder production;land contract;labor productivity;income opportunity;financial rate;dynamic process;flood embankment;storage capacity;farm income;project intervention;plant technology;dam safety;global benefit;transparent monitoring;soil erosion;drought year;sustainable use;irrigation system;construction cost;quality technical;unit price;participatory approach;water harvesting;government control;credit agreement;diversified income;project impact;recording system;management tool;crop failure;working style;mutual trust;carbon emission;widespread infection;employment creation;income generation;planting time;earth dam;vegetative cover;large dam;increased income;catchment area;earthfill dam;conservative approach;Public Services;pilot activities;project watershed;carbon storage;field survey;flood risk;feed processing;animal shed;flood damage;geographic coverage;sustainability rating;income rise;environmental benefit;slope lands;human capacity;administrative arrangement;terrestrial ecosystem;environmental degradation;rural area;sand dune;farm family;environmental practice;downstream areas;labor rate;fruit industry;labor demand;unsustainable use;crop plant;free grazing;project identification;work station;financial return;desert area;transition arrangement;road access;vegetable crop;grain yield;unsustainable grazing;average rainfall;development work;grassland development;project sustainability;forested land;project plan;income source;external control;disbursement mechanisms;transparent procurement;provincial authority;long-term contract;dry year;local capacity;small dam;off-farm employment;soil degradation;water erosion;flood control;farming activity;personal responsibility;external expert;improved communication;maize yield;yield crop;project finance;livestock management;extension service;crop protection;research institution;overseas training;research institutions;project operation;regional marketing;dust pollution;government units;perennial crop;living standard;river regime;efficiency gain;Public Spending;production practice;soil deterioration



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