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A profile of poverty in Bangladesh : 1983-1992 (Inglês)

This paper provides an account of the evolution and the determinants of poverty in Bangladesh using four rounds of the unit level data from the Household Expenditure Surveys of the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. The surveys cover the period 1983 to 1992, during which poverty increased nationally and in the rural sector, although it decreased in the urban sector. Poverty decompositions indicate that the changes in inequality over the whole period contributed to the rise in poverty. However, over the last three years, a slightly lower inequality dampened the negative impact of the fall in the levels of per capita consumption. For all years, poverty measures are much lower in the urban than in the rural sector. Yet, within each sector, large variations in poverty areas by geographical area are observed. At the household level, land ownership in the rural sector, and occupation and education in the urban sector, are the strongest determinants of poverty. From a methodological point of view, the paper argues in favor of the cost of basic needs method in setting poverty lines as compared to the food energy intake method.


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    Wodon,Quentin T.

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    A profile of poverty in Bangladesh : 1983-1992

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    headcount index of poverty;cost of living index;regional food poverty line;per capita food expenditure;class of poverty measure;per capita consumption level;per capita food consumption;macroeconomic stability and growth;infant and child mortality;life expectancy at birth;change in poverty;geographical area;food energy intake;basic needs method;square poverty gap;Rural Sector;estimates of poverty;per capita expenditure;national poverty rate;difference in poverty;Poverty measures;determinants of poverty;incidence of poverty;food energy method;per capita income;making poverty comparison;poverty gap index;urban sector;standard of living;extent of poverty;state owned enterprise;order poverty measure;rate of growth;rural poverty rate;high poverty line;distribution of consumption;household at time;consumption per capita;depth of poverty;foreign direct investment;Dynamics of poverty;estimates of food;food expenditure equal;bundle of goods;measure of poverty;poverty among household;decline in poverty;food basic needs;estimation of poverty;relative price difference;urban poverty line;nutritional requirement;Land Ownership;food bundle;population share;rural area;standard error;education level;household characteristic;food price;reference area;total consumption;urban household;food component;poverty increase;poverty profile;agricultural sector;population shift;household size;food requirement;normal density;urban price;rural price;random sample;parameter estimate;implicit price;public expenditure;smaller towns;quality food;Population Growth;urban population;poverty estimate;price control;rising inequality;severe malnutrition;worth emphasizing;nonfood component;food share;logarithmic term;Industrial Policy;Industrial Policies;normal good;food purchase;poverty reducing;household level;labor retrenchment;positive value;increase poverty;inequality decrease;consumption regression;household head;rural level;demographic characteristic;multivariate regression;probit regression;marital status;geographical location;average welfare;caloric intake;food category;adult population;poor household;extreme poverty;research department;expected value;household groups;sampling design;random sampling;standard deviation;standard for method;statistical significance;cultural consumption;population census;landless household;agricultural wage;regression coefficient;employment status;consumption expenditure;head-count index;food good;average distance;rural population;density function;sampling frame;sampling units;coastal area;engle curve;



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